A Research Guide for Students by I Lee

A Virtual Library of Useful URLs
Arranged by Dewey Decimal Classification

900-919 History & Geography

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900 History
902 Historical chronology, (History - Chronology), (Dates, Historical), (Timeline), (Timelines)
909 World history, World politics
909.07 Crusades, (Church history - 600-1500, Middle Ages)
909.08 Modern history
909.09 Medieval civilization, (Medieval history), Middle Ages - History
910 Geography, Travel
910.3 Gazetteers
911 Historical atlases, (Historical maps), (Historical geography - Maps)
912 Maps, Atlases
912.73 United States - Maps (includes topographic maps)
917.1 Canada - Description, National parks and reserves - Canada, (Canada - Travel)
917.3 United States - Description, National parks and reserves - United States, (United States - Travel)
920 Biography, (Biographies), (Autobiographies), Athletes, Celebrities, (Famous people), Millionaires, (Billionaires)
920.071 Canada - Biography
920.073 United States - Biography
929 Genealogy, (Ancestry), (Descent), (Family histories), (Family trees)
929.4 Names, Personal names, Pseudonyms, Nicknames, (Baby names), (Proper names), (Christian names), (Family names), (Forenames), (Surnames), (Fictitious names), (Pen names), (Anonyms)
929.6 Heraldry, (Coats of Arms), (Coat of Arms)
929.9 Flags, National emblems, State emblems
930 Ancient history, Ancient civilization
930.1 Archeology, Archaeology
932 Egypt - Antiquities, (Ancient Egypt), (Egyptology)
937 Rome, (Roman Empire)
940.2 Renaissance, (Early modern period)
940.3 World War I, 1914-1918
940.53 World War II, 1939-1945, Jewish holocaust (1933-1945)

940.547271 World War, 1939-1945 - Personal narratives, Japanese, Japanese - Canada - Biography, Japanese - Canada - Evacuation and relocation, 1942-1945, World War, 1939-1945 - Evacuation of civilians - British Columbia, (Japanese internment - Canada)

941 Great Britain, Great Britain - History, (British history), (British empire), (England - Social life and customs), (United Kingdom), (War memorials - Great Britain)
941.081 Great Britain - History - Victoria, 1837-1901, Great Britain - History - 1800-1899 (19th century)
941.084 Great Britain - History - 1936-1945
941.092 Great Britain - Kings and rulers, (Queens), (Princes and princesses), (Royalty), (Monarchs), (Sovereigns), (Diana, Princess of Wales)
943 Germany
950 Asia
951 China
951.93 North Korea
951.95 South Korea
952 Japan
954 India
954.92 Bangladesh
955 Iran
956 Arab countries, Iraq War, 2003, War on Terrorism, 2001-2009, Afghan War, 2001, Afghanistan - History - 2001, United States - Politics and government - 2001-2009
956.94 Israel
958.1 Afghanistan, Islamic fundamentalism - Afghanistan
959.3 Thailand
959.704 Vietnamese War, 1961-1975, (Vietnam War)
960 Africa
965.04 Israel-Arab conflicts, Jewish-Arab relations, (Arab-Israeli conflicts), (Palestinian-Israeli conflicts)
966 West Africa - Social life and customs
970.004 Indians of North America, (North American Indians), Inuit - Canada
971 Canada, Canada - Civilization, Canada - History, (War memorials - Canada)
971.004 Indians of North America - Canada, Native peoples - Canada, Métis, (Metis)
971.3 Ontario
972.9 Caribbean area - Description and travel, Caribbean area - Social life and customs
973 United States, United States - History, United States - Politics and government, Americana, United States - Civilization, (American history), (American government), (American politics), (United States - Government)
994 Australia

900 History

50 Rare Photos From History That Will Leave You Spellbound selected by Akarsh Mehrotra, SW (Scoop Whoop), Aug 31, 2015.

50 Rarely-Seen Historical Photos That Might Change Your Perspective On Things selected by Liucija Adomaite and Austėja Akavickaitė, Bored Panda, 2021.

50 Iconic and Rare Historical Photographs selected by History Colored, Oct 7, 2020.

50 Rare Historical Photos from Pinterest, Australia.

50 Rare Historic Photos That You Probably Haven't Seen Before selected by Dan Edmund, Buzz Nicked, Jun 2022.

Here Are 50 Rare Photos from the Past You've Never Seen Before from The Mind Circle, Apr 4, 2018.

Most People Have Never Seen These 50 Historical Photos Before, and They're Absolutely Breathtaking! Selected by Dylan Guy, Boredom Therapy Stafff, Culture, Boredom Therapy, Jul 21, 2016.

BBC Ancient History in Depth. BBC British History. BBC World Wars. BBC Historic Figures. On This Day - Front Page News from BBC. Search by Date.

Best of History Web Sites. General History Web Sites and Resources. An award-winning portal of history sites, rated for usefulness and accuracy. Find the best history sites from these categories: Prehistory, Ancient / Biblical, Medieval, U.S. History, Early Modern European, 20th Century, World War II, Art History, General Resources, Maps, Lesson Plans, Activities, and Research (Links to History Resources).

The Best of History Web Sites (Perfect Paperback) by Thomas Daccord
The Best of History Web Sites (Perfect Paperback) by Thomas Daccord

BrainyHistory. Today's History and Birthdays, Events by Days of this Month, Events by Month, Events by Year. Events in History, Birthdays in History, Deaths in History, Years in History: Year 1 - 2002.

Internet History Sourcebooks Project. Collections of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts. Main History Sourcebooks include: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern. Subsidiary History Sourcebooks include: African, East Asian, Global, Indian, Jewish, Islamic, Lesbian/Gay, Science, and Women. Special Resources include: Byzantium, Medieval Web, Medieval NYC (New York City), Medieval Music, Saints' Lives, Ancient Law, Medieval Law, and Films.

Kidipede - History for Kids. World history for children. North American history, food, environment, trade, religion, and more, from the Paleo-Indians to present day. Also covers history of Europe, Asia and Africa before 1500 AD. History of Ancient Greece from Stone Age to Byzantine empire. Middle Ages. History of China, India, West Asia, Egypt, Africa, Rome, Islam, Germany.

Learning Timelines - Sources from History from British Library.

This Day in History. Listen to What Happened Today from The History Channel. Choose a day and a category to find out what happened on this day. Categories include: Automotive, Civil War History, Cold War History, Crime History, Entertainment History, Literary History, Old West History, Technology History, Vietnam War History, Wall Street History, WWII History, and More of Today's Headlines. Photographs included where available.

Today in History from Historynet.com. Find out what important events happened on this day in history. Includes famous birthdays on this day and ways to search the history database.

What day of the week were you born? Enter your birthday, then hit the "Tell Me" button.

902 Historical chronology, (History - Chronology), (Dates, Historical), (Timeline), (Timelines)

dMarie Time Capsule. Type a birthday: MM/DD/YYYY, and find out what happened On This Day in History. You can edit the information, or add your own information to the final page for printout.

HyperHistory Online presents 3000 years of world history with a combination of colorful graphics, lifelines, timelines, and maps.

News in the 1910s. A photo set on Flickr - Library of Congress Flickr pilot.

Timelines of History. World History Timelines Online. Select Period: From Big Bang to 20 Million BP to 1790-1799 and beyond. An amazing site, packed full of historical facts around the world from ancient to current times. From Days in History, select any date, site will list important historical events that happened on that day. Includes:
● History of the World from Big Bang to 999 A.D.;
● Years 1000-1899;
THE 19TH CENTURY 1800-1900;
20th Century 1900-2000;
21st Century 2001-Current;
Today in History;
● History of States of the USA and Cities of USA;
History of World Countries A-K,
History of World Countries L-Z,
● History by Assorted Subjects: Aircrashes, Artists, Baseball, Black-History, Catastrophes, CIA-FBI, Computers, Dow Jones, Earthquakes, Environment, Fashion, Historians, Films, Foods, Games-Toys, Jazz, Labor, Medical, Money, NASA, Nobels, Philosophers, Technology, Television, Theater, Wine, Women Writers, US-Presidents, and Writers.
● Learn about Algis Ratnikas, the dedicated author of Timelines of History in A Webline of History. Article by Sam Whiting, San Francisco Chronicle, 2007. Also available in PDF. Can the history of the world be reduced to a web site? Algis Ratnikas thinks so.

909 World history, World politics

National Geographic Essential Visual History of the World
National Geographic
Essential Visual
History of the World
  National Geographic Visual History of the World
National Geographic
Visual History of the World
Douglas Brinkley (Introduction)

100 Years in 10 Minutes (1911 - 2011 in 10 Minutes) . YouTube video, 10:39 min.

700 Years in 10 Minutes. Various events in history 1300-2011. 1 minute = 1 century. YouTube video, 8:50 min.

Hans Rosling's 200 Countries, 200 Years, 4 Minutes - The Joy of Stats - BBC Four. YouTube video, 4:40 min.

Government Gazettes Online. Directory of online government gazettes from University of Michigan School of Information. Select a country from A-Z for direct links to Government Gazettes, which are notices, newspapers, information bulletins published by federal governments worldwide.

History for Kids. A useful, free, online children's history network created by Stephen Byrne at age 12 in Dublin, Ireland. Site covers history of Ancient Egypt, Middle Ages (Medieval Literature, Architecture, Medieval Daily Life, Crusades), Greece (Greek History, Science, Sculpture, Religion), Rome (Roman Daily Life, Literature, Architecture, Government), Asia, China (Chinese daily life, Chinese Art, Architecture, Literature), American (History of United States, Bill of Rights, U.S. Government, U.S. Constitution), plus quizzes, games, videos and worksheets where applicable.

HistoryCentral.com. Contents: World History Chronology (Prehistory Eras through 1400, 1400-1900, and 20th Century), America's Wars (War of 1812, Civil War, Korean War, Vietnam War, Desert Storm), Online Almanacs, History of Presidential Elections, Primary Sources in American history, History Maker Biographies (20th century's 500 most important people), Trains, planes & ships.

SL-Project "Депутаты". Russian translation: "Депутаты" = "Deputies". Short clips of politicians in action from around the world. Well assembled. YouTube video, 3:30 min. from Russia.

World History Sources from the Center for History & New Media (CHNM), George Mason University, Fairfax, VA. Guide to the best online primary source archives in world history.

World Leaders from Encyclopedia Britannica. Presidents & Heads of States, First Ladies, Vice Presidents, Prime Ministers, Kings, Queens, Emperors & Empresses, Sultans, Pharaohs, Dictators, Governors, Senators, Other Politicians.

909.07 Crusades, (Church history - 600-1500, Middle Ages)

Crusades from the Catholic Encylopedia. Contents include their origin and details of the eight crusades with maps and numerous links. "The origin of the Crusades is directly traceable to the moral and political condition of Western Christendom in the eleventh century."

The Crusades from Internet Medieval Sourcebook.

Medieval Crusades. Crusades and Medieval Times. "In total there are eight main Crusades and a number of smaller ones. By the end of the 11th century political conditions were relatively stable across Europe ... Although the Crusades rarely achieved their military objectives the impact that they had on medieval society was profound. For 350 years they stimulated trade, brought new ideas to your comment and had a lasting influence on food, architecture, furniture and dress."

909.08 Modern history

Internet Modern History Sourcebook. Links to full texts of books. A massive site. Topics include: Reformation, European Exploration, English Civil War, Scientific Revolution, Enlightenment, American Independence, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, 19th Century Isms, Socialism and Marxism, Darwin, Freud, Einstein, World War I, Russian Revolution, Nazism and World War II, Holocaust, and more.

909.09 Medieval civilization, (Medieval history), Middle Ages - History

The Alchemy Web Site. Alchemy is the medieval attempt to change base metals into gold. This massive site includes over 90 megabytes of information on alchemy in all its facets, with over 2000 images, over 200 complete alchemical texts. Includes 18 downloadable midi files of alchemical music.

Argos: Limited Area Search of the Ancient and Medieval Internet has been offline since Feb. 6, 2003. Links previously listed on this site provided direction to the following resources relating to Ancient and Medieval History on the WWW:

        Byzantium. Byzantine Studies on the Internet;

        The Perseus Digital Library. Primary and secondary sources for the study of ancient Greece and Rome: Greek and Roman Materials.

The Britannia Lexicon. A-Z dictionary of legal, feudal, chivalric, monastic, military and architectural terms used in Medieval Britain.

Catalogue of Digitized Medieval Manuscripts from Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, University of California, Los Angeles. Search Manuscripts by: Location, Shelfmark, Author, Title, or Languages. Example: Search by country U.S. Baltimore, Walters Art Museum, MS Walters 143 where you can turn the page and read the manuscript.

Going Medieval, A-Z Subject Index by Dr Eleanor Janega, a medieval historian. Medieval History, Pop Culture, Swearing. Going Medieval is a project aimed at making medieval history accessible and entertaining for non-expert audiences. It exists to explain the medieval influences on the everyday world.

A Guide to Medieval and Renaissance Instruments. Photos and illustrations, history, description of each musical insturment, some with sound: Bagpipe, Bladder Pipe, Cornamuse, Crumhorn, Dulcian, Dulcimer, Gamba, Gemshorn, Harp, Harpsichord, Hirtenschalmei, Hurdy-Gurdy, Kortholt, Lizard, Lute, Mute Cornett, Organetto, Percussion, Pipe and Tabor, Psaltery, Rackett, Rauschpfeife, Rebec, Recorder, Shofar, Transverse, Flute, Viol, Zink.

Index of Medieval Medical Images (IMMI). 13 items from UCLA Library Digital Collections.

Illuminating the Renaissance - (Getty Exhibitions). Step into the Renaissance through the world of illuminated books. Zoom & Explore exquisite details of these books which inspired and documented religious, political, and moral life during the Renaissance. Contents include: Fashion of the Times, Meet the kings, queens, dukes, and lords who commissioned the illuminated books, Tales of romance, history, and mythology, Renaissance in 3-D, Artists who made books and how they did it, and more.

Internet Medieval Sourcebook. Includes: Selected Sources - an index of selected and excerpted texts for teaching purposes; Full Text Sources arranged according to type; and Saints' Lives devoted to Ancient, Medieval and Byzantine hagiographical sources.

Knights and Medieval Life Flashcards from Boggles World ESL.

Medieval and Renaissance Lathes by Thomas Rettie. Includes Building a 16th Century Wheel Barrow.

Medieval & Renaissance Europe: Primary Historical Documents.

Medieval Cookery. Medieval Recipes, Medieval Menus, Knowledge Commons - Medieval Food, A Database of Ingredients - What's period where?

Medieval History. Guide from About.com. Topics include: Vikings, Quick Reference, People & Places, Events & Eras, Arts, Literature & Music, Castles, Knights & Armor, Crusades, Wars & Warfare, Daily Life & Society, Exploration & Expansion, Law & Legal History, Religion & Philosophy, Science & Medicine.

The Medieval Science Page edited by James McNelis. Extensive links to Internet resources on medieval science.

NetSERF: The Internet Connection for Medieval Resources. Features a Medieval Glossary, Top Medieval Sites (ORB, Internet Medieval Sourcebook, Labyrinth, and ARGOS Search Engine), Medieval News, and others. Contains close to 1500 links to great Medieval sites.

The ORB (Online Reference Book) for Medieval Studies. Includes: ORB Encyclopedia, Library, Reference Shelf, Resources for Teaching, Medieval Studies for the Nonspecialist, and Links to External Sites.

The Path to Royal Absolutism: Renaissance and Early 17th Century from Creating French Culture (Library of Congress Exhibition): Treasures from the Bibliothéque Nationale de France.

910 Geography, Travel

For Foreign Languages for Travelers, see 400 Language.

The 6 best airlines in the world right now by Digital Spy, July 24, 2017.

100 Best Things to Do in Greece. Travel Review by Jen Miller. Contents include: Parthenon (Athens), Knossos (Crete), Climb Mount Olympus, Lion Gate (Mycenae), The White Tower (Thessaloniki), Mystras (Sparta), and others.

100 Best Things to Do in Switzerland. Travel Review by Jen Miller. Contents include: Matterhorn (Zermatt), Zürich Old Town, Salt Mines and Museum (Bex), Giger Museum (Gruyères), Botanical Gardens (Geneva), and others.

About.com Top Tourist Destinations. List of the world's top tourist destinations by countries and the number of visitors for each country. See also World's Top Tourism Destinations from infoplease.com.

Airline and Airport Quality Ranking and Global Passenger Forums from Skytrax: The leading Passenger guide to over 480 airlines and 550 airports - ranking, opinions, news ... and more. Contents include: Airline Star Ranking, Flight Checks, The world's 5 Star airlines, Airport Ranking, Airline Lounge reviews, Find the Best airline seat, Airline Flight Reviews, Airline Seat Pitch guide.

Airline Quality Rating (AQR) Report. Ranking of U.S. Airlines. See also:
The World's Top 100 Airports in 2016
The 10 best airports in the world by Benjamin Zhang, Apr. 1, 2016.
Travel by air: health considerations from Solar Storms. This chapter was prepared in collaboration with ICAO and IATA and was reviewed by IATA's medical advisory group.
The World's 5-Star Airlines
10 of the Worst Airports in the World by Nikelle Murphy, CheatSheet.com, Aug 3, 2017.
30 Worst Airports in the World, Ranked by Sarah Kuta, Far & Wide, May 19, 2022.
International Airports. Directories. Listings from GlobalAir.com.
U.S. Airport Information from GlobalAir.com. United States Airports listed by State.

Airline Toll-Free Numbers and Websites. See also:

Airline Meals
Airline Seats
Airlines of North America: Canada, Mexico, United States
Airline Baggage Allowances. Search by your airline for baggage allowance, info provided by Netflights.com.
Flight Tracking - Track a Flight
How Many Air Miles? Interactive Flight Distances from Travel Notes. Find air travel flight distances between major worldwide cities, select distances in miles or kilometres.
Travel News & Tips from Fodors.com.

AirfaresFlights.com. Book a cheap airfare online, compare airlines. Cheap Flights, Airline Tickets, International & Domestic Airfares.

Air Travel and Cruise Ships - Travellers' Health. Information for Travelers, from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

leaf Airports Authority - Greater Toronto Airports Authority (GTAA) - Toronto Pearson International Airport. Canada's Gateway to the World. Live Flight Information, Arrival, Departure, Connection Tips for Travellers. Search by Airline, Flight Number, or City. Flight Search displays a 30-hour rolling window of flight information for all arrivals and departures out of Pearson International Airport in Toronto.

Americans Traveling Abroad.
Visas. All about U.S. visas for foreign citizens to travel to the U.S.
Find a U.S. Embassy.

Around the World in 80+ Books by George W. Stone. Travel Books and Travelogues - National Geographic Traveler Highlights the Best Travel Writing. Ultimate Travel Library. Photo by Dan Westergren/National Geographic: Africa, Asia, Australia & the Pacific, the Caribbean, Central & South America, Eastern Europe, Middle East, North America, Polar Regions, Western Europe & the Mediterranean.

Atlas Obscura - All Destinations. Discover Hidden Wonders in 169 Countries and 1,391 Cities (as of March 28, 2018).
Atlas Obscura Trips. Explore the world's most unusual places with unique vacations from Atlas Obscura. Example: Wander Mongolia: Blue Skies and Endless Steppe.
All 13,381 Places in the Atlas on One Map. The definitive map of the world's extraordinary sights by Atlas Obscura. The most unusual, surprising, and amazing places around the world have been catalogued by Atlas Obscura, thanks to the discoveries shared by an intrepid community of travelers and explorers. There are now more than 13,300 incredible hidden wonders listed in the Atlas, and each and every one of them is plotted on this interactive map.

leaf Canada - Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada: Travel Reports & Warning. Information on safety and security, local laws and customs, entry requirements, health conditions and other important travel issues. Countries with an asterisk (*) currently contain a Travel Warning. Order your free copy of "Well on Your Way" the new Travel-Health Booklet for Canadians by email at enqserv@international.gc.ca or call 1-800-267-8376.

Registration of Canadians Abroad from Government of Canada. Registration of Canadians Abroad is a free service that allows the Government of Canada to notify you in case of an emergency abroad or a personal emergency at home. The service also enables you to receive important information before or during a natural disaster or civil unrest.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Travelers Health. Travelers' Health Hotline: Phone toll free 877-FYI-TRIP (877-394-8747). Contents include: Announcements, News and Highlights.
Destinations: Choose the region that contains the destinations on your itinerary.
Travel Notices Including Outbreaks
Travel-Related Diseases
Vaccinations: Information for Travelers
Protection Against Mosquitoes and Other Arthropods
Safe Food and Water for Travelers
Travel Medicine Clinics in the United States
Health Information for International Travel: The "Yellow Book"
Vaccination Information & Yellow Fever Vaccine Requirements and Information on Malaria Risk and Prophylaxis, by Country
Special Needs Travelers
Traveling with Children
International Travelers with Disabilities
Ultimate Guide to Traveling with Disabilities
Pregnancy, Breast-Feeding, and Travel
General Information Regarding HIV and Travel
Traveling with Pets
International Adoptions
Medical Examination of Aliens (Refugees and Immigrants)
Communicable Diseases of Public Health Significance & Vaccine Preventable Diseases
Cruise Ships and Air Travel
Illness and Injury Abroad
● See Travel.State.Gov below for more travel information.

Countries of the World from Fact Monster. Each Country Profile provides information on: Geography ● Maps ● Flag ● History ● Current ruler ● Area ● Population ● Capital ● Largest cities ● Languages ● Ethnicity/race ● Religion ● Literacy rate ● Economy ● Government.

CountryReports.org. Find factual information on countries around the world. World Countries, Current Weather, Country Flags, or National Anthems.

Countries of the World. Abbreviations (Internet Country Codes), Facts, Flags, Maps, with links to National Anthems.

Ctrip.com - China Trip. Leading online travel service in China. Specializes in booking online for discounted airline ticket reservations and hotel accommodations for over 3000 hotels in China. Includes comprehensive travel information and travel guides on China. Targets primarily business and leisure travelers who do not travel in large groups.

East Africa Travel Company
East Africa Travel Company Google image from https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/p/AF1QipOkEdsRjvJH1L6kx2mtxCfTVQYpGNa9QBMlQYuI=s1600-w400
East Africa Travel Company
No. 1 Online Trekking Guide

Expedia.com for United States. Book a flight, reserve a room, rent a car. Fast round trip fare finder. Expedia.com is available internationally:
leaf Canada - Expedia.ca
United Kingdom - Expedia.co.uk
France - Expedia.fr
Germany - Expedia.de
Italy - Expedia.it
Netherlands - Expedia.nl.

FareCompare: Cheapest Airline Tickets, Cheap Flights, Travel Deals, Cheap Tickets. Find a Flight: Compare Prices.

Cheapflights.ca. Find cheap flights from 1000s of airlines and travel agents.

FlightAware. Free Flight Tracker. IFR Flight Status, Tracking, History, Maps. Live Flight Tracking: View & track activity for any private (IFR (Instrument Flight Rules)) or commercial flight. See scheduled, enroute, and recent flight activity for any airport in the United States. Statistics and Analysis: View statistics, analysis, graphs, and more. Find recently used IFR routes for a given origin and destination.

FlightNetwork.com. Ad reads: Affordable Cheap Flights and Airline Tickets. Site offers Price Drop Protection: "If the price of your flight or vacation drops after you buy, we'll credit you the difference that you can apply to your next booking with us. And it's FREE."

Fodors Online Travel Guides - Top World Destinations. Choose a destination from around the world.

FXCheatsheet: Travelers Currency Cheat Sheet - Foreign Exchange Cheat Sheet for Travelers from OANDA (Olsen & Associates) - The Currency Site. Create and print a pocket-size currency converter table for your next trip.

Geographia. Destinations: Africa, Asia, Caribbean, Europe, and Latin America. Includes video and audio clips, photographs, information about places, people, history, nature, activities, features, fun, essentials, and calendar.

GeographyIQ. Online world atlas with geographic, economic, political, historical and cultural information. Links to World Maps, Rankings (rank countries and territories by more than 50 geographic, demographic, economic and military criteria), Foreign Currency Converter, and more.

Geography from Intute: Science, Engineering and Technology. The Intute Geography Gateway provides free access to high quality resources on the Internet. Each resource has been evaluated and categorised by subject specialists based at UK universities.

Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names Online (TGN). Latitude and longitude given in most records, minimum record for each place includes a name (English name, vernacular or local-language name), a place type (city, island, etc.), and a position in the hierarchy that shows its parent places - nation (country name, e.g. United States).

Geography.com. Geography asks the big questions - Where? How? Why? What if? and gives you the perspective to answer them with advanced technology and a solid knowledge of the world in which we all live. Site includes a link to David Rumsey Map Collection. This historical map collection has over 116,000 maps and related images online. The collection includes rare 16th through 21st century maps of North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, the Pacific, the Arctic, and the World.

Guidelines for business etiquette from Executive Planet™. Site provides valuable tips on business etiquette, customs and protocol for doing business worldwide. Essential business culture guides for the international traveller.

Hotel-Rates.com - U.S. Hotels - Site Map. Hotel reservations online since 1999. Search a city directly for hotel info and reservation, or select a state and browse hotels in various cities. Includes Information Center-FAQ's.

How Backscatter X-ray Systems Work by Nathan Chandler, from How Stuff Works.

How to See the World. Art of Travel: European and World Backpacking, On $25 a Day or Less.

How to Pack for a Backpacking Trip from Jen Reviews. In spring 2017, 47 million people in the United States picked up a backpack to hike or travel. This guide will help you prepare for your trip. Contents include: General Packing Tips, Packing for 7 Days, 1 Month, 6 Months, Pre-Pack Before You Go. Happy Backpacking!

JetPunk - Geography, Travel and Culture Quizzes.
● Geography quizzes include: Countries of the World, World Capitals, European Capitals, Asian Capitals, Most Populous Countries, Countries with Most Land Area, Countries with Biggest Economies, Biggest World Cities, Landlocked Countries.
● Fill-in-the-Map Quizzes (Europe, Africa, East Asia, Middle East, South America, and United States Map Quiz).
● Travel and Culture Quizzes include: Top World Languages, U.S. National Parks, World Currency, Airport Codes, City Nicknames, Spanish Food Words, People from There Are Called What? British Words, Famous Landmarks, Foods of the World.

JourneyWoman.com. The premier travel resource for women.

Lonely Planet Online: World Guide. World travel guides to destinations.

Miniatur Wunderland Hamburg. The largest model railway in the world, and one of the most successful permanent exhibitions in Northern Germany. Miniatur Wunderland *** official video *** largest model railway / railroad of the world. YouTube video, 4:54 min.

Orbitz - Visit Planet Earth. Quick Flight Search (find lowest air fare from over 450 airlines and 2 billion fares), Hotels, Cars, Cruise Search, Packages, Deals, Travel Watch, and Travel Tools including Foreign Currency exchange.

Pamela Lanier's Bed & Breakfast Guide. Search Geographically by city, state, country, proximity, or Search by Inn's name.

Pilot Guides - Destinations. The ultimate adventure travel resource. Pick a Destination - Explore adventure travel guides, cultural articles, and stories from Pilot Productions tv shows.

Querying Geographical Names of Canada - Query by name from Natural Resources Canada. Query by coordinates. Query by Alphabetical List 123, A-Z.

Roadside America - Guide to Uniquely Odd Tourist Attractions. Mainly in United States and Canada.

SearsTravel.ca. Canada's online travel merchant. Build a trip, book a flight, choose flights between two cities, one way or round trip.

SmartMoney: Travel Guide.

A Snowbird's Guide to Passports, NEXUS and other Travel Documents. Driving to the U.S. What exactly is NEXUS? NEXUS is a bi-national, Canada-U.S. program for pre-approved, low-risk travelers entering Canada or the United States at by air and land. Bringing food into the U.S. Flying to the U.S. Flying to international destinations. Other good advice.

Staycations: Alternative to pricey, stressful travel by Debra Alban. How to Take a Staycation by Christy Woodrow, from Ordinary Traveler.

Time Out Travel - Cities A-Z - Travel Guides.

Tipping Etiquette Guide by James G. Lewis, FindaLink.net. Includes: Pre-tax or post-tax? Christmas Holiday Tipping Etiquette, Airport, Ground transportation, Hotel, Tipping at a Bed and Breakfast (B&B), Tour guides, etc.
Worldwide Tipping Guide: Country, Restaurants, Porters, Taxis. Plus General Tipping Information for Asia and the Pacific, Europe, Middle East / Africa, Central / South America, from Magellan's Travel Supplies.
Guide to Tipping from Oprah.com.
How much to tip from CNN Money.com.
How to Tip Properly from eHow.com.
How to Tip Properly in North America.
How to Correctly Tip a Bellman from the Original Tipping Page.
How to Tip in a Foreign Country.
Tips on Tipping During Summer Travel by Aimee Picchi, Consumer Reports.
Tips on Tipping from Inc.com Business Travel.
Canada: Tipping & Etiquette from TripAdvisor, Canada.
United States: Tipping & Etiquette from TripAdvisor, United States.
Mexico: Tipping & Etiquette from TripAdvisor, Mexico.
Here's how much to tip everyone when you travel in the US. U.S. Tipping Guide by Jennifer Polland, Business Insider.
Tips on Tipping from infoplease
Tips on Tipping: Tipping Etiquette from TravelSense
Guide to Tipping from Oprah.com: Restaurants, Salons, Hotels, Gratuity Advice for the Holidays.

Tips & Tricks for Laptop Computer Equipped Travelers from RoadNews. This site contains all the information you need to know if you are traveling with a computer.

The Travel Doctor provides valuable travel tips, information, and advice for world travellers. See also:
Avoiding Cabin Fever: How to Stay Healthy Aboard a Cruise. A humorous but serious article by Jennifer Huget, Special to The Washington Post.
Safe Travel: Guide to Traveling Locally and Abroad from SafeStars. Site provides information on how to prepare before traveling, travel warnings and alerts, safety while in transit, tips when traveling with kids as well as advice for solo travelers.
Survival Strategies to Stay Safe While Traveling Abroad. Infographic by Mike Johnson, from Mikes Gear Reviews.

Travel Scams by Corporate Travel Safety.

Travel.State.Gov from Bureau of Consular Affairs, U.S. Department of State - United States Passports and International Travel.
Information for Foreign Citizen Traveling to the United States
Americans Traveling Abroad
International Travel Information
Tips for Americans Traveling Abroad
The Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) is a free service that allows United States citizens traveling or living abroad to enroll with the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate.
Safety Issues
Emergencies and Crises - What the State Department does and what can the State Department's Bureau of Consular Affairs do for Americans caught in a disaster or a crisis abroad.
List of U.S. Embassies and Consulates
Embassy WorldWide. Directory of embassies, consulates and other diplomatic representations.
Current Travel Alerts
Current Travel Warnings
International Travel Information
Country Specific Information. Select a country. For each country, you will find information like the location of the U.S. embassy and any consular offices; whether you need a visa; crime and security information; health and medical conditions; drug penalties; and localized hot spots.

Travel Tips for Seniors from CARP Canada. 1. Research and Plan Ahead. 2. Request and Reserve Special Services. 3. Prepare Documentation. 4. Be Practical When Packing. 5. Think about Safety, Security and Comfort. 6. Use a Travel Agent when planning a trip. 7. Purchase Travel Insurance.

Travel Tips to Send You Packing by Alex Halperin, BusinessWeek Online. Five Tips for Cheap and Great Vacations.
My 50 Best Travel Tips After 10 Years Traveling the World by Matthew Karsten, Mar 1, 2022. Travel advice.
Traveller's Tree from BBC Radio 4. Interactive Radio programme.
Magellan's Travel Advice: Travel Tips, Travel Articles, and Country Guides.

Traveler Information from Transportation Security Administration (TSA), U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Helpful information on Air Travel: Screening Experience, TSA Travel Assistant, Travelers with Disabilities and Medical Conditions, Transporting Special Items, Traveling with Children, Travel Safe, Travel Secure, Prohibited Items, Traveler Identity Verification Program, and much more.

Travelocity.com. Search for Flights (lowest round trip fares), Lodging, Cars, Vacations, and Cruises by dates, number of travelers, price range, location, etc. Select a place to view Destination Guides with Maps, Best Time to Visit, and Background Information. Reservations for more than 400 airlines, 50,000 hotels, and 50 car rental companies.

TripAdvisor.com. Unbiased reviews of hotels, resorts and vacations. Recommendations for hotels, resorts, inns, vacations, travel packages, vacation packages, travel guides, and more. Destinations include USA, Caribbean, Europe, Mexico, Canada, and South Pacific.

Voyages Booth on Facebook. Your Dreams We Deliver. An online flight booking agency. Fastest way to book your trip to destinations worldwide. Cheap Airline Flights, Cruises, Cars, and Hotels Reservations.

Wikitravel - free world-wide travel guide. Over 13,800 destination guides and articles written and edited by Wikitravellers from around the globe.

Yahoo! Travel. Make reservations for travel: Air, Car, Hotel, Vacations, Cruises, and Specials. Select travel interests by destination, by activity, or by lifestyle. Also includes Daily Travel Tip, Travel Newsletter, Travel Bargain News, Best Fares, Search for Roundtrip Flights, and more.

910.3 Gazetteers

AllRefer.com Reference - North America Gazetteer.

Atlas Canada from Natural Resources Canada. Explore Our Maps. List of Map Collections: Interactive Maps, Toporama - Mapping Tool, Reference Maps, Map Archives, Wall Maps, Selected Thematic Maps.

The Columbia Gazetteer of the World Online from Columbia University Press.

Gazetteer from Wikipedia.

Gazetteers and Place Names from University of Minnesota (UMN).

The JewishGen Gazetteer (Formerly Shtetl Seeker) contains the names of one million localities in 54 countries in Europe, North Africa, the Middle East, and Central Asia. The data is based on the U.S. Board on Geographic Names databases. For each locality, the search results will display:
● The place's name(s), with the native name in bold.
● Coordinates - latitude and longitude.
● Links to maps.
● Country in which the locality is located today.
● Distance and direction from reference point.
● Link to display all places within a 10 mile radius.

For a database of 6,000 Jewish communities in Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East, search the JewishGen Communities Database.

Marine Gazetteer geographic name search from MarineRegions.org.

U.S. Gazetteer Files. 2021. The U.S. Gazetteer Files provide a listing of all geographic areas for selected geographic area types. The files include geographic identifier codes, names, area measurements, and representative latitude and longitude coordinates. Post-2010 Census United States Gazetteer Files: 2016, 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012 Census U.S. Gazetteer files. 2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files. Census 2000 Gazetteer Files. 1990 Census Gazetteer Files.

A very short introduction to Coordinate Reference Systems from MapRef.org.

The World Gazetteer. View current population figures for cities, towns and places of all countries, find the largest cities in the world, view images of current national flags.

911 Historical atlases, (Historical maps), (Historical geography - Maps)

Antique & Historical Maps of Britain.

The Atlas of Canada - History. Discover Canada through National Maps and Facts. Contents include: Historical Indian Treaties Map, Aboriginal Peoples circa 1630, 1740, & 1823 Maps, New France circa 1740 Map, Briitish North America circa 1823 Map, Territorial Evolution, 1867 to 1999 Map, The Search for a Northwest Passage 1576 to 1587 Map, The Atlantic Coast and Saint Lawrence River 1603 to 1607 Map, The Great Lakes 1654 to 1670 Map, and many more.

Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century. Historical maps of the world. If you don't need instructions to access the maps, start here.

Historical Maps of the United States. Categories: Early Inhabitants, Exploration and Settlement (1540-1890), U.S. Territorial Growth (1775-1970), Military History Maps (1755-1967), Later Historical Maps (1783-1917), Maps of National Historic Sites, plus U.S. Historical Maps on Other Web Sites.

Historical Maps of Europe - Maps of Europe in the XIX century from Arcanum.com. Arcanum starts where Google ends.
Historical Maps - Technologies. Historical maps are one of the most valuable sources of the documents.
Old Maps Online.

The Periodical Historical Atlas of Europe. Online maps showing countries of Europe at the end of each century from AD 1 to AD 2000.

The Yale Map Collection - Online Maps. The majority of Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library digital collections are open to the public, however some material is restricted to the Yale community.

912 Maps, Atlases

50% of Canadians live south of the red line
50% of Canadians live south of the red line
All nations in blue combined to equal Brazil's annual homicides
All nations in blue combined to equal Brazil's annual homicides
Biggest Non-Government Employer in Each State
Biggest Non-Government Employer in Each State
Countries mentioned or referred in the Bible
Countries mentioned or referred in the Bible
Each Section Contains 10% of World's Population
Each Section Contains 10% of World's Population
Entire Poland can fit into Texas and still be able to drive around it
Entire Poland can fit into Texas and still be able to drive around it
Every State Ranked by Healthiness
Every State Ranked by Healthiness
How much snow does it take to cancel schools in North America
How much snow does it take to cancel schools
Light pollution from coast to coast in the United States
Light pollution from coast to coast
Most common country of birth for foreign-born residents in the United States
Most common country of birth for foreign-born residents
Passenger Railway Networks 2020 by Continent
Passenger Railway Networks 2020
Red and orange sections have equal populations in the United States
Red and orange sections have equal populations
States with smaller population than Los Angeles County
States with smaller population than Los Angeles County
Tracking the flight path of an eagle over a 20-year period
Tracking an eagle over a 20-year period
Two areas of Africa have roughly equal populations
Two areas of Africa have roughly equal populations
World's Smallest Country Vatican vs. World's Largest Building
World's Smallest Country vs Largest Building

Allrefer.com World Maps with links to Background & Country Profile, Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications, Transportation, Military, Transnational Issues & International Disputes, and Flag.

Bing Maps.

Country and Regional Map Sites, A-Z from University of Texas. Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection. Online Maps of Current Interest and Online Maps of General Interest: Maps of The World, Africa, The Americas including United States, Canada and Mexico, Asia, Australia and the Pacific, Europe, Middle East, Polar Regions and Oceans, Russia and the Former Soviet Republics, and more.

Free Blank Outline Maps of the Countries and Continents of the World from d-maps in France. World and oceans, Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, Mediterranean sea, Oceania, Historical maps.

General Map Sites from Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas. Very extensive list of links to a wide variety of map sites.

How far is it? Calculates distance between your seleyction of two places as the crow flies. Shows directions in degrees and distance in miles, km, and nautical miles. Provides longitudes and latitudes for locations selected.

Interactive Maps. Work with interactive mapping tools from across the U.S. Census Bureau. U.S. Census Bureau.

Map and Geography Index. From National Geographic.

Map History / History of Cartography: THE Gateway to the Subject.

MapQuest. Find a location and print out an instant map. Site includes Maps, Driving Directions, Road Trip Planning and Yellow Pages.

MSN Live Search Maps. Find a map and get driving directions. Includes links to Quick Maps for all countries: World Atlas, United States, Canada, Mexico, Europe.

Multimap.com: Online Maps to Everywhere. Choose a country to search, narrow down to street and city.

Outline Maps from EnchantedLearning.com, World Geography. Outline Map Printouts A-C, D-I, J-Q, R-S, T-Z.

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection, University of Texas. Maps of General Interest include: The World, Africa, The Americas, Asia, Australia and the Pacific, Europe, Middle afr, Polar Regions and Oceans, Russia and the Former Soviet Republics, The United States (with over 700 maps), Texas, Texas Counties, plus links to Country and Regional Maps, City Maps, State Maps and Historical Maps, as well as Electronic Cartographic Reference Resources.

Quick Maps. Select a country A-Z to view a map of the country.

Travel Advisories from U.S. Department of State.
Color Coded TSG Map. Dynamic mapping application from Department of State - Travel.State.Gov. Info contained is updated on a daily basis. Map shows U.S. Embassy and Consolate locations worldwide.

World Atlas & Map Library from Infoplease.

WorldAtlas.com World Maps. Graphic Maps presents World Atlas. Includes Maps of the World, Maps featuring latitude and longitude lines with explanations, the 4 hemispheres, major seas, largest islands, largest countries, world outline maps, and more.

Xpeditions Atlas. Maps made for printing and copying from National Geographic. Select detailed or basic map of World, Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Europe, North America, Oceania, South America, Canada, United States or Mexico. Site includes the amazing virtual Xpedition Hall, Geography Standards, Activities to use geography to complete a variety of missions, plus classroom-tested Lesson Plans that address all of the U.S. National Geography Standards, the five geography skills, and the main geographic perspectives.

Yahoo! Maps. Excellent site with detailed street maps. Map an address of your choice (in U.S. or Canada). Get map, get driving directions on how to get there from another address of your choice. Zoom in or out. Print map or email map to a friend.

Zoom Into Maps. 1. Hometown, USA: Local Geography; 2. Exploration and Discovery; 3. Migration and Settlement; 4. Travel and Transportation; 5. Environmental History; 6. Military Maps; 7. Pictorial Maps; 8. Maps of Today; 9. Unusual Maps.

912.73 United States - Maps (includes topographic maps)

Know Your States from Jim's pages. Test your knowledge of the location of all 50 states. Click and drag state onto map of United States. Excellent fun and learning game. Random appearance of state. Score given at the end. Example: Score 70% if you get 35 perfect out of 50 turns. Average error in miles. Total time taken to complete test in seconds.

Map Collections 1500-2004. The focus of Map Collections is Americana and Cartographic Treasures of the Library of Congress. These images were created from maps and atlases and are organized according to seven major categories: Cities and Towns, Conservation and Environment, Cultural Landscapes, Military Battles and Campaigns, Discovery and Exploration, Transportation and Communication, General Maps.

TopoZone. Interactive digital topographical or topo map information for United States. Choice of scales (in both meters and miles) and maps sizes. Search by any place name, or by Latitude and Longitude.

U.S. Gazetteer. From U.S. Census Bureau, 1990 Census data. Search for places, towns, cities, and counties by entering the place name and state abbreviation (optional), or 5-digit zip code. Select options and have the map redrawn to your liking.

917.1 Canada - Description, National parks and reserves - Canada, (Canada - Travel)

Canada Is Totally Awesome.
Video, 1:20 min. Posted by Ontario Proud, June 26, 2017.

Bed and Breakfast Expo. Showcases Canada's bed and breakfast homes and inns. Color photographs and descriptions are included to indicate the kind of accommodations featured.

Canada. Lonely Planet WorldGuide. Fast Facts, At a Glance for the Traveler, Introduction, Background Info, Places to See in Canada, Image Gallery, Events, Transport, Money, General. See also Shop by Destination: Canada from Magellan's Travel Supplies with brief practical information on Health Risks, Insect Threats, Security Concerns, Water Quality, Weather Notes, Electrical Standards, Modem/Phone Use, Time Zone, Visa/Passport Requirements, and Currency.

Canada Travel & Tourism Guide. Site features online hotel reservations, Canadian attractions, weather, restaurants, transportation, events, shopping and more. Use the Canada maps, photo gallery and travel articles to preview the places you plan to visit.

DiscoverCanada.com. Golf, Adventure, Special Events, Cruises, Rail Coach, Ski and Snowboard, Hotels and Resorts.

Inspirock. Inspiration to see the planet. The new way to plan your next trip. Create a fully customized day-by-day itinerary for free.

Parks Canada. Parks Canada National Programs: National Historic Sites of Canada, National Marine Conservation Areas of Canada, National Parks of Canada, Federal Heritage Buildings, Canadian Heritage Rivers, Heritage Railway Stations, and Legislation and Regulations.

Solo's Holidays. The UK's No. 1 for Unattached Single Travellers. Other sites for Solo Travellers:
All Singles Travel - offers quality vacations at an affordable price, exclusively for the single traveler, without paying the dreaded 'single supplement'.
How to Travel Alone from eHow.com.
Why Travel Alone? Solo Travel Guide from BootsnAll Theme Guides.
Travelling as a Single Person - Going It Alone from The Travel Insider.
The Ultimate Guide to Travel Alone and Love It by Janice Waugh, Jun 23, 2021.
Connecting ... Solo Travel Network - for Members only.
G Adventures. Choose a Travel Style. Choose a Destination: Polar Regions, South America, North America, North Africa & the Middle East, Europe, Central America & the Caribbean, Australia and New Zealand, Asia, Africa.

Quiz: What do you know about Canada? 19 questions from MSN.

TripIt. Find the best travel route online by using this Free Route Planner.

917.3 United States - Description, National parks and reserves - United States, (United States - Travel)

Amtrak. Reservations, Online Train Schedules, Fares and Tickets, Arrival Status, Station Locator, Special Offers and Discounts, Trains and Routes, Accommodations and Features, Special Assistance for the Disabled, Crossing Borders, News and Views, Fun and Games.

Free Trip Planner. Travel Itinerary Builder from Travefy. Use Travefy's free online itinerary builder to make your own custom itinerary template for travel.

Plan Your Perfect Trip from Planapple.com.

Itinerary Planner from Inspirock - Inspiration to see the planet. The new way to plan your next trip. Create a fully customized day-by-day itinerary for free.

North American Bed and Breakfast Directory. Locate a Bed and Breakfast Inn by City, State, or search International B and B. Includes helpful sections on Recipes, Innkeeper Info, Reservation Services, Additional Travel Resources, Meet Your Hosts, Trip Planning.

ParkMaps.com. Click on a State from the map of the United States of America to see the State Map, State Flag, State Parks, County Parks, City Parks, RV Campsites/Private Parks, Amusement Parks, Golf Courses, Museums, and Historical Markers.

Parks and Recreation. National Park Guide from National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. View All Parks A-Z. Geographic Search - Find a Park by state, territory, or zip code.

USA. Lonely Planet World Guide. At a Glance, Fast Facts, Introduction, Background Info, Places to See in the United States, Image Gallery, Events, Transport, Money, General Information.

U.S. National Parks. Select from A-Z list to find information on national parks in the United States. Find a Park.