A Research Guide for Students

Secondary School
Web-Based Resources

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World University Rankings

2022-2023 Best Global Universities Rankings from U.S. News.

Best universities in Australia 2023. Top 10 universities in Australia by Times Higher Education (THE), Oct 12, 2022.

Best universities in the United States 2016. Find the best universities in the United States through Times Higher Education's World University Rankings data, May 31 2016.

Canada's best universities by reputation: Rankings 2021. University Rankings by Maclean's, Oct. 8, 2020.

QS World University Rankings. QS=Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. This year's QS World University Rankings reveals the top 1,000 universities from around the world, covering 80 different locations. There are 47 new entrants in this year's top 1,000 while over 5,500 universities were evaluated and considered for inclusion.

Ranking Web of Universities. Covering Universities in North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Arab World, Oceania (Australia, New Zealand ...), Ranking by Areas, North Macedonia.

These are the world's best universities in 2021 from World Economic Forum.

Top Universities in the UK 2018.

University League Tables 2019 from The Complete University Guide. Our University League Tables rank UK universities nationally and in 70 subject tables.

World University Rankings 2020-21 from Center for World University Rankings (CWUR).

World University Rankings 2021. The Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2021 include more than 1,500 universities across 93 countries and regions, making them the largest and most diverse university rankings to date. The table is based on 13 carefully calibrated performance indicators that measure an institution’s performance across four areas: teaching, research, knowledge transfer and international outlook. This year's ranking analysed more than 80 million citations across over 13 million research publications and included survey responses from 22,000 scholars globally.

Addiction Counselor Education. State-by-state guide to education and licensure. Includes: Top Counseling Scholarships Guide. Guide to Scholarships for Substance Abuse and Addiction Counselor Majors.

Apprenticeship grants from Service Canada, Government of Canada.
Provincial and Territorial Apprenticeship Programs.
● Canada Apprentice Loan.
● Hiring and training apprentices.
● Employment Insurance (EI) for apprentices.
● Tax deductions and credits for apprentices and tradespersons.
● Tax credits for employers of apprentices.
Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP). The Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP) is a school-to-work transition program offered through Ontario secondary schools. Full-time students in Grades 11 and 12 earn cooperative education credits through work placements in skilled trades.
Pre-Apprenticeship Training Program. The Pre-Apprenticeship Training Program helps potential entrants to the apprenticeship system develop their job skills and trade readiness so that they will be prepared to find work as apprentices. Programs are up to 52 weeks in duration.
Support to Non-Employment Insurance Eligible Apprentices During In-School Training. This initiative will provide up to $1500 of taxable financial supports for apprentices who are not eligible for federal Employment Insurance (EI) who attend full time in-school training at a Delivery Agency approved by the Ministry of Training Colleges and Universities.
Get Financial Help.
Apprenticeship Completion Employer Bonus. Employers can earn a $1000 taxable cash grant for each apprentice they employ and train who completes his or her apprenticeship, receives a Certificate of Apprenticeship and where, applicable, a Certificate of Qualification.
Apprenticeship Completion Bonus in Non-Red Seal Trades The apprenticeship completion bonus in non-Red Seal trades is a taxable cash grant of $2,000.
Apprenticeship Scholarship.
Canada Apprentice Loan.
Apprentice Grants.
Apprenticeship Incentive Grant. The Apprenticeship Incentive Grant (AIG) is a taxable cash grant of $1,000 per year, up to a maximum of $2,000 per person, available to registered apprentices once they have successfully finished their first or second year/level (or equivalent) of an apprenticeship program in one of the Red Seal trades. How to apply. FAQs.
Red Seal Trades. Alphabetical list of 57 Red Seal Trades. Designated trades are governed by regulations under the Provincial and Territorial Apprenticeship Acts. These regulations outline the administrative procedures and in some case the standards and conditions of training for specific trades.
Co-Op Diploma Apprenticeship Program. The Co-op Diploma Apprenticeship Program combines a college diploma program and apprenticeship training leading to a Certificate of Qualification.
Quick Search for Apprentice Co-op Placement in Ontario. Type in trade and your postal code.
Loans for Tools.
Employment Insurance (EI) for Apprentices.
Find a Service in Your Area in Ontario. Type in a trade and your postal code.
I need a job.
Ontario Business Grants. Founder of Ontario Business Grants, Moe Muise started this site to bring together, in one place, all financial support available to Ontario business owners - whether that be grants, loans, tax credits or other financial incentives provided by the federal and provincial governments, private sector and non-profit organizations, and more. Check out: Ontario Apprenticeship Grants: 57 Apprenticeship Grants, Wage Subsidies & Tax Credits for Ontario Businesses by Maurice, Apr 2, 2023.

apprenticesearch.com. Search for opportunities and information about the skilled trades in Ontario: Peel - Halton - Dufferin, Hamilton, Guelph - Cambridge, Kitchener - Waterloo, Mitchell - St. Marys - Listowel, and Stratford. Option to register as an Employer or a Job Seeker. Take an Employability Skills quiz. Trades categorized under four sectors: 1. Construction Sector - Bricklayer, Electrician, Carpenter (general), Plumber, Roofer, etc. 2. Industrial Sector - General Machinist, Industrial Woodworker, Mould Maker, Tool & Die Maker, etc. 3. Motive Power Sector - Auto Body Collision & Damage Repairer, Motor Vehicle Mechanic/Automotive Service Technician, etc. and 4. Service Sector - Baker, Cook, Hairstylist, Radio & TV Service Technician, etc.
Apprentice - Getting Started. Includes: Choosing Your Trade, Resume & Cover Letter Guide, Steps to an Apprenticeship.

The Aristotle: A high school philosophy essay contest from University of Toronto, Department of Philosophy. In collaboration with the Ontario Philosophy Teachers' Association, the department administers the annual Aristotle Contest, awarding cash prizes for the finest philosophical work by current Canadian high school students. Anyone enrolled in a Canadian high school at or below the grade 12 level may participate in the Aristotle Contest. Home-schooled students working at or below the grade 12 level may also participate. Submissions in both English and French are welcome.

Canada Student Loans and Canada Student Grants from Government of Canada, Minister of Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC).

● Find a Student Financial Assistance Office in your area.

How to apply for student financial assistance in Canada.

Canada Student Loans Eligibility. Loans - money that you pay back. Grants - money that you do not pay back. Browse to find out how the federal government can help you pay for your post-secondary education by providing loans and grants. To continue receiving student loans and grants each year you are in school, you must maintain satisfactory grades. Find out also the maximum lifetime limit for student financial assistance.

Canada Summer Jobs from Service Canada. Canada Summer Jobs is a Government of Canada initiative that provides funding to help employers create summer job opportunities for students. How to apply for Canada Summer Jobs. Be sure to read carefully: Canada Summer Jobs Articles of Agreement, and Applicant Guide.

The Canadian Foundation for Economic Education (CFEE) is a non-profit, non-partisan organization, founded in 1974, that works to improve economic, financial, and enterprising capability.

Money and Youth: A complete guide for financial literacy and capability. Guide to Financial Literacy for youth ages 14 and up. Over 500,000 copies of Money and Youth have been distributed to homes and schools in Canada. Money and Youth is a program of CFEE supported by IG Wealth Management.

Canadian Universities. Plan for University. Scholarships, Grants and Bursaries for Canadian Students.

Canadian Welding Skills. Entry Requirements. Programs. Funding. Job Ready. Employers. News.

Career Colleges Ontario. Search for Career Colleges in Ontario. Categories include: Aviation, Beauty & Massage, Business, Communications, Culinary Arts, Design, Education, Health Care, Language Schools, Legal Administration, Media Recording Art, Science Engineering, Trades/Automotive, Technology, Tourism/Hospitality.

CareerCruising.com. An interactive career reference guide providing in-depth profiles of hundreds of different careers, multimedia interviews with real people in over 800 careers, career search tools, and database of colleges and universities. Ask your Guidance Counsellor for Username and Password if available.

Careers & Degrees in Healthcare: A Guide for Students with Disabilities from EduMed. This site connects students with the best and most affordable higher education programs in the medical and allied health fields. Learn about disability rights and disclosure, find key resources, and read how the right school and employer can make a huge difference.

Careers in Counseling from Counseling Degree Guide. Contents include: Top 10 Reasons to Pursue a Career in Counseling. What Do Counselors Do? Types of Counseling Careers and Salary Information. Management Careers in Counseling. Best States to Be a Counselor Index and Counselor Job Outlook. Counselor Career Interviews.

College Board. Why create an account at College Board? So you can:
Access your SAT and AP scores, and send them to colleges.
Register for the SAT and CLEP exams.
Print your SAT Admission Ticket or CLEP Registration Ticket.
Connect with college and scholarship opportunities.
Save and update your college list and scholarship searches. College Board's Scholarship Search is for U.S. students. Locate scholarships, internships, grants, and loans that match your education level, talents, and background. Database of more than 2,300 sources of college funding, totaling nearly $3 billion in available aid.

College Savings Plans Network (CSPN) for U.S. students. CSPN is a national non-profit association dedicated to making college more accessible and affordable for families. Site provides detailed information about 529 college savings plans and allows you to compare plans across the U.S. Goal is to help you find the plan that best meets your long-term needs and financial goals. What is a 529 Plan? Plans are named after Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code and are administered by state agencies and organizations. College Cost Calculator.

CollegeView. College Search (4,646 schools available as of July 2015). College search tool and university selection guide. Search college by location in United States and Canada, search by major, and/or school type.

A Complete University Application Guide: More Offers, No More Stress. 8 Chapters from Tutorful, formerly Tutora. Chapter 1: Choosing a University: 6 Important Questions to Ask Yourself. Chapter 2: Choosing a University: Considering the Costs. Chapter 3: UCAS: Deadlines and 3 Genius Ways to Get Extra UCAS Points. Chapter 4: 8 Genius Ways to Make Your University Application Stand Out. Chapter 5: How to Sell Yourself in Your Personal Statement - Creative Advice. Chapter 6: University Entrance Exams: Preparation Advice. Chapter 7: University Overseas: Why Consider Studying Abroad. Chapter 8: Stress Management for Students.

Pierre Wong, Award Winner Leon Chalil, Mayor Hazel McCallion Living Arts Centre Nov 2011
Pierre Wong (Chair of Leaders of Tomorrow), Leon Chalil (Award Winner),
Mayor Hazel McCallion, Living Arts Centre, 2011

Photo above: Leon Chalil receives the first prize Teacher's Choice Essay award in the Grade 9-12 category from Mayor Hazel McCallion and Pierre Wong, Chair of the Leaders of Tomorrow Program during the Mayor Hazel McCallion Award Presentation Ceremony held Sunday afternoon [May 15, 2011] at The Living Arts Centre. ~ Photo by Claudio Cugliari.

Tomorrow's leaders honoured today by Bill Tremblay, Mississauga News, May 16, 2011. Mississauga's future leaders have been awarded for their ideas on how to make their hometown a world-class city.
The local Knights of Columbus challenged students in Grades 6-12 to write an essay explaining how Mississauga could become a world-class city. The contest, organized by the club's Leaders of Tomorrow program, received more than 200 submissions from teachers and students at about 50 schools.
The inaugural competition was named after Mayor Hazel McCallion, who presented the awards yesterday at the Living Arts Centre.
"Give (youth) an opportunity to show their leadership ability," McCallion said. "That's what will make a city great, a province great and Canada great."
Pierre Wong, chair of the Leaders of Tomorrow program, thanked the mayor for allowing the Knights of Columbus to use her name.
"She is our model and there is only one mayor I know for Mississauga," Wong said.

Contest challenges youth to improve city by Chris Clay, Mississauga News, Nov 12, 2011. "One of the winners in the inaugural contest was Leon Chalil, a Grade 12 student at John Cabot Catholic Secondary School. He took first place in the Teacher's Choice division and earned the $1,000 prize."

Excel High School: Online Middle School. Online Middle School with unlimited online tutoring included.

FastWeb.com. College Search. Search engine for finding colleges, scholarships and awards in the United States. Topics: Choosing a College, College Applications, Choosing a Major, Parents, Preparing for College, Decisions, Test Prep, Graduate School.
Scholarships. Types of Scholarships, Scholarship Scams, Scholarship Advice, Scholarship Winners, Athletic Scholarships, Scholarship Matches, Scholarship Deadlines, Featured Scholarships, Scholarship Tips, Scholarship Videos.

The Globe's money tips for college and university students by Roma Luciw, The Globe and Mail, Published Oct. 27, 2014. Last updated Sep. 1, 2016.

Health Law: A Career Guide by Catherine Pattanayak, Joan Ruttenberg, and Annelise Eaton, Harvard Law School.

High school diploma and continuing education from Government of Canada. Get your high school diploma. To find out more about getting a high school diploma or GED high school equivalency certification, contact your provincial or territorial department of education (Site provides links).

High School Students' Guide to Paying for College in the United States, by OneClass Blog. Topics include:
● What is FAFSA and How to Get Financial Aid, by OneClass Blog, Jan 29, 2019. The Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) form is your first step to getting student aid for college. The process is administered by the U.S. Department of Education, which provides more than $120 billion each year to college students.
● Top Jobs That Offer Tuition Reimbursement Programs, by OneClass Blog, Feb 15, 2019.
● How Much Should You Budget for Textbooks? by OneClass Blog, Nov 27, 2018.
● Finding Additional Funding Opportunities: National Scholarship Directory from American University, Washington, DC.
Top US College Scholarships for 2019 by OneClass Blog, Mar 26, 2019.

How To Become a Lawyer from University of Daytona, School of Law, University of Dayton's online JD degree, February 5, 2019.
● What Does a Lawyer Do?
● Steps to Become a Lawyer
   1. Complete a Bachelor's Degree Program
   2. Take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT) or Graduate Record Examinations (GRE)
   3. Find a Law School
   4. Earn a Juris Doctor Degree from an ABA-Accredited School
   5. Pass the Bar Examination
● Pursue a Career Upholding the Rule of Law
● Skills Needed to Become a Lawyer
● Job Opportunities for Lawyers
● Common Types of Attorneys (Defense Attorneys, Corporate Counsel, Environmental Lawyers, Tax Lawyers, Intellectual Property Lawyers, Family Lawyers)
● Career Outlook - According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), lawyer job growth is expected to rise 8 percent from 2016 to 2026.

International Scholarships from Government of Canada. For Canadians: Learn about opportunities for graduate study and research abroad. For Non-Canadians: Learn about opportunities for study and research in Canada.

Leaders of Tomorrow Google image from http://rogerstv.com/images/dimg/show_module/51/leadersoftomorrowmasthead.jpg

Millennials, banks are not your friends by Rob Carrick, Globe and Mail, Sep. 18, 2016. "Our message to students is that banks aren't your friend, and neither are they your enemy. They're companies you do business with and that means you have to have to go in prepared to defend your own interests."

Ontario College Application Service (OCAS) is the central clearinghouse of applications to colleges in Ontario. All applications are processed through this organization. The site provides details about application procedures as well as links to college home pages and other informative links.
Choose a College in Ontario from Regions: Western (Conestoga, Fanshawe, Lambton, Mohawk, Niagara, Ridgetown, St. Clair), Central (Centennial, George Brown, Georgian, Humber, Michener, Sebeca, Sheridan), Eastern (Alfred, Algonquin, Durham, Kemptville, La Cité, Loyalist, St. Lawrence, Fleming), and Northern (Boréal, Cambrian, Canadore, Confederation, Northern, Sault).
Paying for College: Tuition and Financial Assistance. College Tuition Fees in Ontario (circa 2015) - Average cost of tuition for one academic year in an Ontario college program:
Diploma Programs - $2,400
Graduate Certificate Programs - $3,600
Bachelor's Degree Programs - $6,100
Collaborative Programs - $5,000
Financial Assistance - Scholarships, Bursaries, Grants and Loans - Resources:
yconic.com. Your Student Community. Free scholarship-matching and peer-to-peer support for your life as a student.
ScholarshipsCanada.com. As of Jan. 2018, 99,701 awards worth $199,901,581 have been given out. There are many other kinds of institutions and groups that provide and facilitate scholarships. Sometimes you have to apply directly to these organizations, not your school. Site includes where and how to apply for scholarships, FAQs and Tips, e.g. Writing a Strong Scholarship Application.
DisabilityAwards.ca. Portal to awards and scholarships for students with disabilities studying at Canada's colleges and universities.
Support for Apprentices from Government of Canada.
Apprenticeship Grants. Apprenticeship Incentive Grant (AIG).
Start an apprenticeship. Find out how you qualify and apply to be an apprentice in a skilled trade.
Career Finder. Which careers are in demand? How can I choose the right career for me?

Ontario Summer jobs for students. Information for high school, university and college students looking for work this summer.

Ontario School Counsellors' Association (OSCA) is the professional organization of teacher-counsellors in the elementary and secondary schools of Ontario. The OSCA provides numerous links to information regarding education and careers in Canada.
Student Services from Career Colleges Ontario. Include Child Care Resources, Financial Funding Resources, Employment Resources, Housing Resources, Medical Resources.
What is Second Career? From Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities. Second Career provides financial support to laid-off workers with skills training to help them find jobs in high-demand occupations in Ontario. Second Career is a cost-sharing grant provided on the basis of need, so you may be asked to contribute what you can to your training or education. Currently (July 2015), Second Career provides up to $28,000 for tuition, books, other instruction costs such as manuals or workbooks, transportation, and a basic living allowance.
Private career college programs from Ontario Ministry of Training, Colleges and Universities. Private career colleges offer certificate and diploma programs in fields such as: business, health services, human resources, applied arts, information technology, electronics, services, and trades.

Ontario Universities Application Centre (OUAC). Located in Guelph, the Ontario Universities' Application Centre (OUAC) is the central clearinghouse of application to universities in Ontario. It processes applications for admission to undergraduate, law, medical, rehabilitation sciences and teacher education programs at Ontario's universities. The site provides details about many application procedures as well as links to university home pages.
Get to Know Ontario's Universities from Ontario Universities' Info (OUInfo) is a guide to Ontario universities for Ontario high school students and guidance counsellors. It provides information about university programs, admission requirements and more.
Undergraduate Application for Current Ontario Secondary School Students.
105 How-to Videos. The complete guide for applying to an Ontario university. Last updated: December 22, 2020.
Ontario Medical Schools (OMSAS). The Ontario Medical Schools Application Service (OMSAS) is the centralized application service for applying to Ontario medical schools.
Ontario Law Schools (OLSAS). The Ontario Law School Application Service (OLSAS) allows you to apply to Ontario law schools.
Ontario Faculties of Education (TEAS). The Teacher Education Application Service (TEAS) allows you to apply to a four-semester Bachelor of Education (BEd) consecutive program at an Ontario university.
Ontario Rehabilitation Sciences Programs (ORPAS). The Ontario Rehabilitation Sciences Programs Application Service (ORPAS) allows you to apply to Occupational Therapy (OT), Physical Therapy/Physiotherapy (PT), Audiology (AUD) and Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) programs in Ontario.

OSAP: Ontario Student Assistance Program. Get help paying for college or university when you qualify for OSAP. How much could you get in grants and loans? Get a quick estimate here or provide more detail and get a precise estimate.
How to apply for OSAP.

ScholarshipsCanada.com. Free scholarship search engine to help match you up with potential scholarships and awards.

Scholarships for College-Bound, High School Seniors from UniversityHQ. University Headquarters is your #1 resource for finding top rated colleges, scholarships, potential salaries and helping you find the right career. Our goal is to become one of the best online resources helping students navigate through the higher education process. Grants Loans: General Scholarships
Degree Specific
Military Service Scholarships
Scholarships for Women
Minority Scholarships
Students with Disabilities
Undergraduate & Graduate
Additional Sources
k12 scholarships

Scholarships for Future Teachers from Study.com. Apply online, due date: November 1.
$1,000 Scholarship for Future Teachers - This scholarship is for any undergraduate or graduate student who is aiming to become a classroom teacher.
$1,000 Scholarship for Future Special Education Teachers - This scholarship is for any undergraduate or graduate student who is working toward becoming a special education teacher.
$1,000 Scholarship for Future Early Education Teachers - This scholarship is for any undergraduate or graduate student who is studying to become an early education teacher.

SchoolFinder.com. Find Schools, Programs, and Careers. Site offers students access to a large number of resources such as university searches, scholarship links, virtual campus tours and career information.

The Smart Student Guide to Financial Aid from FinAid.org. Evaluating Scholarship Matching Services. Don't be fooled into thinking that the fee-based services have any better coverage than the free services.

Speaker's Award for Youth Writers. Calling all young writers! The Speaker's Award for Youth Writers invites Ontario youth in grades 7-12 to submit their short stories and personal essays to this writing contest. Original fiction and non-fiction essay submissions are welcome, and a winner from each of the following three grade categories will be chosen: grades 7-8, grades 9-10, and grades 11-12. The winning submissions will be published on the Legislative Assembly of Ontario website.

Student Awards.com. Find out what scholarships and awards you may be eligible for with this very helpful free search engine

Student Loans and grants from National Association of Career Colleges (NACC). Canada Student Loans and Grants, together with provincial or territorial student assistance programs, provide Canadians from low and middle income families the opportunity to pursue post-secondary education.

Top 21 Scholarships for US Entrepreneurs 2021 (Applying tips & Statistics) from FinImpact.

University Admissions: What Parents Should Know:
Applying to college? Don't make these 7 common mistakes by Allison Slater Tate, TODAY Contributor, 27 Mar. 2017.

College Admissions: What Every High School Scholar - and Parent - Should Know by Danielle Jakob. Success Academy Charter Schools, 31 May 2017.

Unigo.com. Find Over 3.6M Scholarships & Grants. Join for free. Scholarships. Scholarships and Contests.

Yconic.com. Join for free membership. Resources include: Scholarships.