Reference Site Map
The goal of this page is to provide suggested Web links to assist students to conduct research to:
* Analyse the global distribution of Canada's major international agreements and organizations;
* Explain the mandate of selected international organizations to which Canada belongs;
* Evaluate their effectiveness in addressing global concerns; and
* Demonstrate knowledge of Canada's significant world contributions.
º Amnesty International
º CCIC - Canadian Council for International Co-operation
º CIDA - Canadian International Development Agency
º Diplomat and International Canada
º DFAIT - Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
º IDRC - International Development Research Centre
º IOC - International Olympic Committee
º NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organisation
º NORAD - North American Aerospace Defence Command
º UN - United Nations
º UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
º UNICEF - United Nations Children's Fund
º WHO - World Health Organization
º WWF - World Wildlife Fund
Canada's Contributions: Canada's World.
● Canada's World: Democracy in the Making - Video. Documentary film, 37:30 min.
● Canada's World Educational Resources. Learning Tools include Discussion Guides, Political Party Platforms (on climate change, Afghanistan, Arctic sovereignty, aid, immigration and trade), Canadian Stories, Resource Guides on Global Issues (including guide to global education, resources on Indigenous rights and global food crisis).
● Nine New Realities. Introduction, Background, Early History, New Developments in Canada, What Has Canada Done? Canada's Contributions, Canada's Position, A Critical Look at Canada's Contribution, How We Got Where We Are Today, Canada's Relations with Asia and the United States, Other Contemporary Issues, Who Are Canadians today? Multiculturalism, Forces Driving Our Connectivity, Canadian Diversity in a Globalizing World, Canadian Cities: International Context, The State of Canadian Cities, Future Directions:
● 1. Climate Change. Canada is an energy superpower on a warming planet.
● 2. The Communications Revolution. Canada is wired to a world where technology unites and divides.
● 3. Conflict Is Changing. Canada is a historic peacekeeper in a world that struggles to keep peace.
● 4. Global Inequality. Canada is a wealthy nation in a world of increasing inequality.
● 5. Rising Powers. Canada is America's neighbour in a world where global power is shifting.
● 6. International Law. Canada is a promoter of human rights and international law in a world where global rules are being challenged.
● 7. Indigenous Rights. Canada is home to Aboriginal Peoples who are seeking recognition and self-determination on the world stage.
● 8. Diversity Matters. Canada is a country of globally connected people in a world that needs cultural translators.
● 9. The Power of Cities. Canada's cities are part of a new global force for social and economic change.
Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. Links include:
● Global Issues, Peace and Security
● Canada and International Organizations
● Sub-Saharan Africa
● Sustainable Development/Environment
● Ministers and Parliamentary Secretaries - Ministers responsible for the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, and Secretaries of State who represent and promote Canada's foreign policy and trade priorities.
Like Water on Stone: The Story of Amnesty International (Hardcover) by Jonathan Power. Click Look Inside to view 29 sample pages of the book. See Front flap for info on the year the organization began.
Amnesty International. A worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights to be respected and protected. Amnesty International FAQ. See also Amnesty International Canada : The Human Rights of Indigenous Peoples - Overview, Refugee, Relief Efforts, Religion, Social Justice, Torture, Victim Support, Womens Rights, and more).
Amnesty International - Working to Protect Human Rights Worldwide. Amnesty International is a worldwide campaigning movement that works to promote all the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international standards. In particular, Amnesty International campaigns to free all prisoners of conscience; ensure fair and prompt trials for political prisoners; abolish the death penalty, torture and other cruel treatment of prisoners; end political killings and "disappearances"; and oppose human rights abuses by opposition groups.
Amnesty International - The International Criminal Court (ICC), Fact Sheets. Available in Arabic, English, Espanol, Francais, and Turkce. 10 Fact Sheets: Introduction to the International Criminal Court, The Case for Ratification, Prosecuting the Crime of Genocide, Prosecuting Crimes Against Humanity, Prosecuting War Crimes, Justice for Victims, Justice for Women, Justice for Children, Fair Trial Guarantees, and State Cooperation with the ICC.
Amnesty International - The International Criminal Court, Fact sheet 8: Ensuring Justice for Children. Which crimes specifically affect children? What is genocide by transfer of children? What about trafficking in children? Are all child soldiers now prohibited? What provisions are in place to protect child victims and witnesses from further traumatization? and more.
Amnesty International Canada. "Amnesty International is a worldwide movement of human rights activists and financial supporters working together to prevent violations of people’s fundamental civil and political human rights by governments and opposition groups."
Amnesty International Canada Section (English) - Connexions Associations Directory from Connexions Online.
Canadian Council for International Co-operation (CCIC) from Global Hand. "CCIC is a coalition of about 100 Canadian organisations working for the elimination of poverty in Canada and overseas. CCIC is involved in the analysis of Canada's aid, trade, and foreign policy, as well as promoting the humanitarian aid and transition-to-peace issues of its members."
CCIC - The Canadian Council for International Co-operation. Mission Statement: "The Council is a coalition of Canadian voluntary sector organizations working globally to achieve sustainable human development. The Canadian council for International Co-operation seeks to end global poverty, and to promote social justice and human dignity for all."
Aid and Ebb Tide: A History of CIDA and Canadian Development Assistance (Hardcover) by David R. Morrison
The Canadian Encyclopedia. Type CIDA in the search box and hit GO to find a description of the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA).
CIDA - Canadian International Development Agency. "The CIDA supports sustainable development activities in order to reduce poverty and to contribute to a more secure, equitable and prosperous world. Contents include: CIDA's Social Development Priorities, CIDA's Sustainable Development Strategy, Strengthening Aid Effectiveness - Summaries of Consultations, CIDA Around the World - CIDA supports projects in over 150 countries, Looking for Employment? Youth Zone, and more."
Diplomat and International Canada. "Diplomat & International Canada magazine is a leading source for international affairs and Canadian foreign policy. Diplomat is the magazine for people who want to stay informed about global issues and who care about Canada's role in the world. It is also a showcase for the diplomatic community in Canada." Includes link to Paterson Review. An online journal published by the graduate students of the Norman Paterson School of International Affairs.
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada supports Canadians abroad, works towards a more peaceful and secure world, and promotes Canadian culture and values internationally.
Canadian Offices Abroad include embassies, consulates, high commissions and trade offices. Trade Offices Around the World: Asia Pacific, Canada, Europe, Latin America, Caribbean, Middle East, North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, United States, Mexico.
Greenpeace: How a Group of Ecologists, Journalists, and Visionaries Changed the World (Hardcover) by Rex Weyler
The Canadian Encyclopedia. Type Greenpeace in the search box and hit GO to find information on the origin of Greenpeace in Canada and a brief description of some of the activities of Greenpeace and its tactics.
Greenpeace from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Greenpeace Canada. Contents: About Greenpeace. Mission: "Greenpeace seeks to: Protect biodiversity in all its forms; Prevent pollution of the earth’s oceans, land, air and fresh water; End all nuclear threats; Promote peace, global disarmament and non-violence." History of Greenpeace in Canada and around the world, Organizational Profile, Environmental Campaigns: Climate and Energy, Forests, and Genetic Engineering, Quick Facts: Greenpeace was founded in Canada in 1971, and more.
Greenpeace - Connexions Associations Directory from Connexions Online.
Greenpeace International. Greenpeace International's Information page. Contents include: Worldwide addresses for Greenpeace Offices, Websites for Greenpeace Offices Worldwide, Greenpeace International internet archive (since 1994), Greenpeace ships, Greenpeace Jobs, Greenpeace International's annual report, Greenpeace History and FAQ, Latest pictures, Streaming Videos, and Contact Greenpeace International Headquarters.
Greenpeace.org. Headline news, Campaign events, Climate Countdown, Toxics, Nuclear Campaign Website, Oceans (Global Overfishing), Genetic Engineering (No genetic manipulation of nature), Stop Ocean Dumping, Save Ancient Forests, and Politics.
The Greenpeace Mission Statement. "Greenpeace is an independent, campaigning organization that uses non-violent, creative confrontation to expose global environmental problems, and to force solutions that are essential to a green and peaceful future."
Greenpeace USA. Campaigns include: Forests, Genetic Engineering, Global Warming and Energy, Nuclear Disarmament, Oceans, and Toxic Pollution.
IDRC - The International Development Research Centre is a public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada in 1970 to help developing countries use science and technology to find practical, long-term solutions to the social, economic, and environmental problems they face.
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The IDRC is a Canadian crown corporation that supports researchers from the developing world in their search for the means to build healthier, more equitable, and more prosperous societies.
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) from Source Watch. "A public corporation created by the Parliament of Canada in 1970 to help developing countries use science and technology to find practical, long-term solutions to the social, economic, and environmental problems they face."
The International Development Research Centre (IDRC) from Canadian Encyclopedia. The IDRC was established as a public corporation by Parliament in 1970 to support research designed to adapt science and technology to the specific needs of developing countries. The first chairman was Lester B. Pearson. Headquartered in Ottawa, the Centre has 6 regional offices around the world.
International Olympic Committee. "The IOC is the supreme authority of the Olympic Movement. It is an international non-governmental, non-profit organisation and the creator of the Olympic Movement. The IOC exists to serve as an umbrella organisation of the Olympic Movement. It owns all rights to the Olympic symbols, flag, motto, anthem and Olympic Games. Its primary responsibility is to supervise the organisation of the summer and winter Olympic Games." Learn also about the Mission of the IOC, Evolution of its structure (history), IOC Commissions, etc. See also Canadian Olympic Committee, as well as National Olympic Committees from around the world.
International Olympic Committee from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. An organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. Its membership is 205 National Olympic Committees.
Agreements with NATO Countries. Canada's Department of National Defence (DND) has entered intos reciprocal cross-servicing agreements with other members of NATO for logistic support to visiting military aircraft and crews.
Canada and NATO. Dispatches: Backgrounders in Canadian Military History by Dr. Dean F. Oliver.
Canada and NATO: A Starving Fish in an Expanding Pond by Michael J. Lawless. "The history of Canada’s relationship with NATO is one of which Canadians can be justifiably proud. A key contributor to the creation of the Alliance, and the architect of the Canada Clause that served to generate the second of the dual purposes of the Alliance (the creation of an economic relationship between states as the vehicle for the creation and maintenance of peace), Canada has been successful in using the Alliance to affect its national goals."
Canada and NATO, NATO and Canada by Steve Saideman. "Canada gets security, control over its contributions, influence, and multilateral solutions from NATO . . . Canada has been able to build coalitions to move NATO forward, including fostering a more comprehensive approach in Afghanistan and shaping NATO’s new Strategic Concept. Canada is seen as a voice of reason . . ."
Canada-NATO relations from Wikipedia. Canada has been a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since its inception in 1949. Canada was not only a member but one of the principal initiators of the alliance.
Canada and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Contents: Introduction: Canada and NATO, Canada's Contribution to NATO, Canada's NATO Policy Priorities, Canada-NATO and Our Partners, Potential Business Opportunities for Canadian Suppliers, Canadian Careers at NATO, Biographies, and Speeches.
Canada in NATO. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The North Atlantic Treaty was signed in Washington on April 4, 1949. Canada has been a member of NATO since it was founded in 1949. Since 1949, Canada has been the sixth largest contributor to NATO's military and civil budgets. Canada is the third largest supporter of the NATO Airborne Early Warning system. In 2005-06, Canada contributed some $40 million and 114 personnel.
NATO from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance, or the Western Alliance, is a military alliance established by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949, with headquarters in Brussels, Belgium.
NATO - North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. An Alliance that consists of 19 independent member countries.
NATO: When Canada Really Mattered from Canadian Encyclopedia. Information on the origins of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and NATO today. Includes photos.
NORAD - The North American Aerospace Defence Command. History. A binational military organization formally established in 1958 by Canada and the United States to monitor and defend North American airspace. NORAD Agreement.
NORAD (North American Air Defence Agreement) from Canadian Encyclopedia. "NORAD was announced on 1 August 1957; renamed North American Aerospace Defence Command in 1981, it integrates the air-defence forces of the US and Canada under a joint command at Colorado Springs, Colorado."
North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. "A joint organization of the United States and Canada that provides aerospace warning and control for North America. It was founded on May 12, 1958, as the North American Air Defense Command. Since 1963, NORAD's main technical facility has been the Cheyenne Mountain Operations Center in Colorado, and for this reason NORAD is sometimes unofficially referred to as Cheyenne Mountain."
Canada and the United Nations from The Canada Page.
Canada and the United Nations from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The United Nations (UN) from Canadian Encyclopedia. The United Nations began in 1945 as a loosely co- ordinated international system of deliberatory bodies, functional agencies and temporary and permanent commissions with headquarters in New York, Geneva and elsewhere. By population, Canada ranks about 40th in the world, and among the Western industrialized nations it ranks 7th, but it is the 4th largest financial contributor to the UN system.
Charter of the United Nations. We the Peoples of the United Nations determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, ... Introductory Note, Preamble, and all 19 Chapters of the U.N. Charter available online.
Children Affected by War from UN, Office of the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict. Issues covered include: Child Soldiers, Small Arms, Girls in War, Displaced Children, Landmines, HIV / AIDS. Site also includes Key Reports, International Law, Q & A, Photo Gallery, Videos, Links.
From the League of Nations to the United Nations. History of how the League of Nations evolved into the United Nations. "On 26 June 1945, the Representatives of fifty countries meeting in San Francisco adopted the Charter of the United Nations, founder of the new international organization. The United Nations Organization was born officially on 24th October 1945 when the signatory countries ratified the Charter."
How the United Nations Works from How Stuff Works.
International Day of Peace: 21 September. "It was established by a United Nations resolution in 1981 to coincide with the opening of the General Assembly. The first Peace Day was celebrated in September 1982. In 2002 the General Assembly officially declared September 21 as the permanent date for the International Day of Peace."
UN - United Nations. The purposes of the United Nations are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these ends.
The United Nations Association in Canada (UNA-Canada). A national charitable organization established in 1946. Mandate is to engage the Canadian public in the work of the United Nations and the critical international issues.
United Nations Association in Canada - Connexions Associations Directory from Connexions Online.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Resources for young people: Facts & Figures, Games and Quizzes, UNEP and Youth, Make a Difference, Publications, and Events.
UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization was born on November 16, 1945. History, Education for All by 2015, Natural Sciences, Social and Human Sciences, Culture, Communication and Information, Online Services, and Archives Portal.
UNESCO from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established on 16 November 1945. UNESCO has 193 Member States and 6 Associate Members. The organization is based in Paris.
UNICEF - United Nations Children's Fund. Created in 1946, was first named United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund. Site provides information on what UNICEF does, its History, Mission, Current Annual Report, Headquarters, UNICEF Worldwide, and more.
UNICEF Canada is guided by the vision that every child should grow up in conditions that promote health, peace and dignity. It believes that every child deserves to be happy, healthy and free from hardship. Its goal is to ensure that all children have the water, health, education, care and protection they need. Contents: UNICEF Canada Mission, Organization, Global Schoolhouse (Education Support Programme), Careers (Human Resources), How You Can Help, Work (Development, Emergencies, Global Action, Resources, Latest News), and Kids Room. UNICEF officers work together with communities, local governments, and service providers such as midwives and teachers to find solutions to the problems affecting children. Funds raised by UNICEF Canada are donated to UNICEF programs in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
UNICEF Information by Country. United Nations reviews progress made in Special Session on Children, Rights of the Child, UNICEF Programmes for children (Key Programme Areas include: Child Protection, Education, Health, HIV / AIDS, Nutrition, Water Environment & Sanitation, and Early Childhood Development), Emergencies, and Supply (UNICEF procures close to $600 million worth of supplies each year).
The United Nations Children's Fund (or UNICEF) from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. "Created by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946 to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated by World War II. In 1953, UNICEF became a permanent part of the United Nations System and its name was shortened from the original United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund but it has continued to be known by the popular acronym based on this old name. Headquartered in New York City."
WHO - World Health Organization. Information on WHO is rather scattered. Check out the following links:
How the World Health Organization Works from How Stuff Works.
World Health Organization meets to develop an international framework convention on tobacco control. On June 26, 1997, Health Canada hosted in Halifax the first World Health Organization meeting to prepare an international framework convention on tobacco control. Canada’s comprehensive tobacco reduction strategy has been internationally recognized. Canada’s Tobacco Act received Royal Assent on 25 April 1997.
World Health Organization (WHO) from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. A specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that acts as a coordinating authority on international public health. Established on 7 April 1948, and headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) from Wikipedia, the free encylopedia. "An international non-governmental organization for the conservation, research and restoration of the natural environment, formerly named the World Wildlife Fund, which remains its official name in the United States and Canada. It is the world's largest independent conservation organisation with over 5 million supporters worldwide, working in more than 90 countries, supporting 15,000 conservation and environmental projects around the world."
World Wildlife Fund Canada - Connexions Associations Directory from Connexions Online.
WWF - World Wildlife Fund - Canada. "World Wildlife Fund is dedicated to saving life on Earth through the conservation of nature and ecological processes. "The goal of WWF's national program is to protect Canadian species and spaces at risk by supporting high quality field projects and conducting bi-annual assessments of Canada's biodiversity." "The goal of WWF's North American program is to protect species and ecosystems that are shared by Canada, the United States and/or Mexico."
WWF - The Conservation Organization. "Known worldwide by its panda logo, World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is dedicated to protecting the world's wildlife and wildlands. The largest privately supported international conservation organization in the world, WWF has more than 1 million members in the U.S. alone. Since its inception in 1961, WWF has invested in over 13,100 projects in 157 countries." Site includes: Where We Work (Africa, Asia, Latin America, North America), History of WWF, Annual Report, Endangered Species, Endangered Spaces, Forests, Climate, Oceans, Science and Policy, Toxic Chemicals, Education, Community Outreach, and WWF Newsroom.