Reference Site Map
Abbreviations of Works of Shakespeare | Other Abbreviation and Acronym Sites
|abbr. - abbreviation, abbreviated||abr. - abridged, abridgment|
|acad. - academic, academy||adapt. - adapter, adaptation, adapted by|
|adj. - adjective, adjourned, adjustment||adm. - administration, admiral|
|adv. - adverb||agr. / agri. / agric. - agricultural, agriculture|
|Amer. - America, American||anon. - anonymous - author unknown|
|app. - appended, appendix, appointed||approx. - approximately|
|arch. - archaic||arr. - arranged (music), arrival, arrived, arrives (travel)|
|art. - article||assn. - association|
|assoc. - associate, associated||attrib. - attributed to|
|aux. - auxiliary verb||b. - base, bass, bat, battery, bay, book, born, brother|
|bact. - bacteria, bacteriology||bap. - baptized|
|Bcc - blind carbon copy|
|bib. - Bible, biblical||bibliog. - bibliographer, bibliography, bibliographic|
|biog. - biographer, biography, biographical||biol. - biology|
|bk. - bank, block, book||bkg. - banking|
|BL - British Library, London||bldg. - building|
|blvd. - boulevard||BM - British Museum, London (1973 transferred to BL)|
|bot. - botanical, botany||bp. - bishop|
|brig. - brigade, brigadier||brig. gen. - brigadier general|
|bro. - brother||bull. - bulletin|
|bur. - bureaus||© / copr. - copyright (e.g. © 2009)|
|c. - circa - about, to cite doubtful dates in history (e.g. c.1911)||ca. - circa - about, approximate dates used in narrative|
|c.a. - chartered accountant, chief accountant, commercial agent, consular agent, controller of accounts||cal. - calendar, caliber, small calorie|
|cap. - capital, capitalize||capt. - captain|
|cath. - cathedral||cc / cc. / c.c. - cubic centimeters. Cc - carbon copy|
|CD - compact disc||CD-ROM - compact disc read-only memory|
|cent. - centigrade, centimeter, central, century||cf. - Latin confer = compare|
|ch. - chaplain, chapter, check (chess), chief, child, children, Latin chirurgia = surgery, church||chap. - chaplain, chapter|
|chem. - chemical, chemist, chemistry||chm. - chairman, checkmate (chess)|
|chor. - choreographer, choreographed by||chron. - chronology|
|cir. / circ. - circular, Latin circa = about||cit. - citation, cited, citizen|
|civ. - civil, civilian||clk. - clerk|
|cm / cm. - centimeter(s)||co. - company, county|
|c.o. / c/o - care of, carried over||c.o.d. - cash on delivery, collect on delivery|
|col. - collected, collector, college, colonel, colonial, colony, column||coll. - college|
|colloq. - colloquial, colloquialism||com. - comedy, command, commandant, commerce, commercial, commission(er), committee, commodore, common, communication, community|
|comdr. - commander||comr. - commissioner|
|comp. - compiler, compiled by||compar. - comparative|
|con. - concerto, consolidated, consul||cond. - conductor, conducted by|
|conf. - conference||Cong. - congress|
|Cong. Rec. - Congressional Record||conj. - conjunction|
|consol. - consolidated||Const. - Constitution|
|constr. - construction||cont. - containing, contents, continent, continental, continue, continued|
|cont. / contd. - continued||corp. - corporal, corporation|
|cp. - candlepower, compare||cpl. - corporal|
|cr. - credit, creditor, creek||crit. - criticism|
|ct. - carat, cent, court||cu. - cubic|
|cwt. - hundredweight||d. - dam (pedigrees), date, daughter, day(s), dead, democrat, density, diameter, died|
|d. - pence, penny||DA, DAI - Dissertation Abstracts, Dissertation Abstracts International|
|DAB - Dictionary of American Biography||dec. - deceased, declaration, declension, declination, decrease, Italian deprescendo = decreasing in loudness (music)|
|def. - definition, definite||deg. - degree(s)|
|dep. - department, departure, deposit, depot, deputy||dept. - department, deputy|
|der. / deriv. - derivation, derivative||dev. - development, developed by|
|diag. - diagram||dial. - dialect|
|dict. - dictionary||dim. - Italian diminuendo = diminishing in loudness (music)|
|dipl. - diplomat, diplomatic||dir. - director, directed by|
|disc. - discount, discovered||diss. - dissertation|
|dist. - distinguished, district||distr. - distribution, distributed by|
|div. - dividend, division, divorced||dm / dm. - decameter, decimeter|
|DNB - Dictionary of National Biography||do. - Latin ditto = the same|
|doc. - document||doz. - dozen|
|dpt. - department||dr. - debit, debtor, drachma, dram|
|d.t. - delirium tremens, double time||dup. / dupl. - duplicate|
|DVD - digital videodisc||DVD-ROM - digital videodisc read-only memory|
|dwt. - pennyweight|
|e / e. - erg, errors (Baseball)||ea. - each|
|eccl. / eccles. - ecclesiastical||ecol. - ecology|
|econ. - economic, economics, economy||ed. - editor, edited, edited by, edition
eds. - editors
|edu. - educational, (domain name extension, e.g. www.harvard.edu)||educ. - education, educational|
|e.g. - Latin exempli gratia = for example||elec. / elect. - electric, electrical, electrician, electricity|
|elev. - elevation||e-mail - electronic mail|
|emp. - emperor, empire, empress||e.m.u. - electromagnetic unit|
|enc. - enclosed||ency. / encyc. / encycl. - encyclopedia, encyclopaedia|
|eng. - engineer, engineering, engraved||enl. - enlarged (e.g. rev. and enl. ed.)|
|entom. / entomol. - entomologist, entomology||esp. - especially|
|est. - established, estimate||et al. - Latin et alibi = and elsewhere,
Latin et alii, et aliae, et alia = and others
|et passim. - and here and there, used to cite pages scattered throughout the source indicated||et seq. - Latin et sequens = and the following, Latin et sequentes or seqentia = and those that follow, meaning the pages that follow|
|etc. - Latin et cetera = and so forth||ex. - examined, example|
|exch. - exchange, exchequer||exec. - executive, executor|
|ex lib. - Latin ex libris = from the books of||f - Italian forte = loud (music)|
|f. - farad, father, farthing, fathom, feminine, fluid (ounce), folio (size), following, franc, frequency||fac. - faculty
fac. / fax - facsimile
|facsim. - facsimile|
|fed. - federal, federated, federation||fem. - female, feminine|
|ff - Italian fortissimo = very loud (music); ff - folios (several sheets of folio size, or pages following)||ff. / fol. - folios, following|
|fig. - figure||fin. - finance|
|fl. - florin, flourished, fluid (Latin floruit - for use before historical dates are known, e.g. fl. 300 BC)||fn. - footnote|
|fr. - fragment, franc, from||front. - frontispiece|
|ft = feet, foot; ft. - fort||fut. - future|
|fwd. - foreword, foreword by||g / g. / gm - gram|
|gal / gall. - gallon||gaz. - gazette, gazetteer|
|gen. - gender, genera, general, genus (e.g. gen. ed.)||geog. - geographer, geographical, geography|
|geol. - geologic, geologist, geology||geom. - geometric, geometry|
|gloss. - glossary||gov - government (domain name extension,
gov. - governor
|govt. - government||GPO - Government Printing Office, Washington, DC|
|gr - grain(s), gram(s)||gram. - grammar, grammarian|
|hab. corp. - Latin habeas corpus = that you have the body|
|H. Doc. - House of Representatives Document||her. - heraldry|
|hist. - historian, historical, history||HMSO - Her (His) Majesty's Stationery Office, London|
|hort. - horticultural, horticulture||hr - hour(s), HR - House of Representatives|
|H. Rept. - House of Representatives Report||H. Res. - House of Representatives Resolution|
|ht. - height||http - hypertext transfer protocal (e.g. http://www.bydewey.com)|
|ib. / ibid. - Latin ibidem = in the same place of the work as cited immediately above|
|id. - Latin idem = the same||i.e. - Latin id est = that is|
|illus. - illustrator, illustration, illustrated by||imp. - imperative, imperial, imports,
Latin imprimatur = let it be printed
|in. - inch, inches||in loc. cit. - Latin in loco citato = in the place cited|
|in re - in the matter of||inc. - including, income, incorporated|
|infin. - infinitive|
|ins. - inches, insurance||inst. - instant, institute, institution|
|intl. - international||introd. - introduction, introduced by|
|ips - inches per second (e.g. tape recorder speeds: 7 1/2 ips, 15 ips, 30 ips)||irreg. - irregular|
|is. - island, isle||ISP - Internet service provider|
|jour. - journal||Jr. - Junior|
|jud. - judicial||k. - kilo, kilogram, thousand|
|KB - kilobyte||kg - kilogram (note: no period after kg)|
|kilo. - kilogram, kilometer||km - kilometer (note: no period after km)|
|kt. - carat||kw - kilowatt (note: no period after kw)|
|l - liter||l, ll - line, lines (to avoid confusion, better to spell out line, lines)|
|lab. - laboratory||lang. - language|
|lat. - latitude||lb - Latin libra = pound|
|LC - Library of Congress||leg. - legal|
|legis. - legislation, legislative, legislator, legislature||lib. - liberal, librarian, library|
|lieut. / lt. - lieutenant||lit. - literally, literary, literature|
|loc. cit. - l.c. - Latin loco citato = in the place cited; in the same passage, same work, same page, by same publisher and same author as cited previously.||lon. / long. - longitude|
|LP - long-playing phonograph record||ltd. - limited|
|m. - male, married, meridian, Latin
meridies = noon, meter, mile, minute, month
|mach. - machine, machinist|
|mag. - magazine||maj. - major|
|mas. / masc. - masculine||math. - mathematician, mathematics|
|MB - megabyte||mdse. - merchandise|
|mech. - mechanical, mechanics||mem. / memo - Latin memento = remember, memorandum|
|med. - medical, medicine, medieval|
|mfg. - manufacturing||mfr. - manufacture, manufacturer|
|mg / mg. / mgm - milligram||mgr. - manager|
|mi - miles, mill (note: no period after mi)||misc. - miscellaneous|
|ml / ml. - milliliter||mm - millimeter(s), Latin millia = thousands|
|mo. - month(s)||mod. - moderate, modern|
|MS / MSS - manuscript, manuscripts||mt. / mts. - mount, mountain, mountains|
|mus. - museum, music, musician||n / nn - note, notes|
|n. - noun||narr. - narrator, narrated by|
|natl. - national||nav. - naval, navigation|
|NB - Latin nota bene = mark well, take notice, note well||n.d. - no date of publication|
|NED - A New English Dictionary (now OED - Oxford English Dictionary)||n.n. - no name|
|neg. - negative||no. - number|
|non seq. - Latin non sequitur = it does not follow||nonstand. - nonstandard|
|n.p. - no place of publication, no publisher||n. pag. - no page number, no pagination|
|ns - new series||NS - New Style (New Style calendar: Gregorian calendar was decreed by Pope Gregory XIII on 24 Feb. 1582)|
|numb. - numbered|
|obit. - obituary||obj. - object, objective|
|obs. - obsolete||OCLC - Online Computer Library Center|
|OED - The Oxford English Dictionary (formerly NED - New English Dictionary)||op. - opus (work - especially musical composition)|
|op. cit. - Latin opere citato = in the work cited, but not the same page||orch. - orchestra, orchestrated by|
|org. - organization (domain extension, e.g. en.wikipedia.org)||orig. - original, originally|
|os - old series, original series||OS - Old Style (Old Style calendar: Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, came into force 45 BC)|
|oz. - ounce (Italian abbrev. of onza)||p. / pp. - page, pages|
|P - Press (e.g. UP - University Press)||par. - paragraph, parallel|
|part. - participle|
|passim - here and there||pat. /patd. - patent, patented|
|pct. - percent||p.d. - Latin per diem = by the day|
|PDF - portable document format||pen. - peninsular|
|per se - by itself, of itself||perf. - performer, performed by|
|philol. - philology, philological||philos. - philosopher, philosophy|
|phys. - physical, physician, physicist, physics||pl. - plate, plural|
|poss. - possessive||ppd. - postpaid, prepaid|
|pref. - preface, preface by||prep. - preposition|
|pres. - present||prin. - principal, principle|
|proc. - proceedings||prod. - produced by, producer, production|
|pro tem. - Latin pro tempore = for the time being||pron. - pronoun, pronunciation|
|pronunc. - pronunciation||PS - postscript|
|pseud. - pseudonym - pen name||psych. / psychol. - psychological, psychologist, psychology|
|pt - pint (note: no period after pt)||pt. - part, payment, point, port|
|pub. / publ. - public, publisher, publication, published by||Pub. L. - Public Law|
|pwt - pennyweight (note: no period after pwt)|
|q. - quarto, question||q.v. - Latin quod vide - which see|
|qr. - quarter||qt - quart (note: no period after qt)|
|qt. - quiet (slang)||qtd. - quoted|
|ques. - question||quot. - quotation|
|r. - reigned||r.b.i. / rbi / RBI - run(s) batted in (Baseball)|
|rec. - receipt, recipe, record, recorded||ref. - referee, reference, reformed. Ref. - Reference (section in Library)|
|reg. - regent, regiment, region, registered, registrar, regular, regulation||rel. - relative, release|
|rept. - report, reported by||res. - resolution|
|resp. - respectively||rev. - review, reviewed by, revision, revised, revised by|
|riv. - river||RLIN - Research Libraries Information Network|
|rpm - revolutions per minute (unit of frequency used to measure rotational speed of gramophone/phonograph records, which typically rotate at 16, 33⅓, 45, or 78 rpm).||rps / r.p.s. - revolutions per second (measurement of the frequency of a rotation, also a unit of angular velocity).|
|rpt. - reprint, reprinted, reprinted by||s. - saint, second, semi-, shilling, silver, sire, solo, son, soprano, south. S / SS - Saint, Saints|
|S - Senate||sc. - scene|
|S. Doc. - Senate Document||sch. - school|
|sci. - science, scientific, scientist||sculp / sculp. - sculptor, sculptural, sculpture|
|sec - secant, second(s)||sec. / secy. - secretary|
|sec. / sect. - section||ser. - series|
|serg. / sergt. / sgt. - sergeant||sess. - session|
|[sic.] - thus in the source (exactly as quoted)||sing. - singular|
|soc. - society||sol. - solicitor|
|sp. - special, species, specific, specimen, spelling, spirit||spec. - special|
|sq. - square, sequence||Sr. - Senior|
|S. Rept. - Senate Report||S. Res. - Senate Resolution|
|st. - stanza||St. /Sts. - Saint, Saints|
|Stat. - statistic, thermostat, photostat, Statutes at Large, Latin statim = immediately|
|sub. - submarine, substitute, suburb||subj. - subject, subjective, subjunctive|
|substand. - substandard||sup. - superior, supplement, supply, (Latin supra = above), supreme|
|supp. - supplement||supt. - superintendent|
|surg. - surgeon, surgery||sym. - symbol, symphony|
|syn. - synonym, synonymous||t. - temperature, tempo, (Latin tempore = in the time of), tenor, tense (grammar), territory, time, ton(s), town, transitive, troy (weight)|
|tbs. / tbsp. - tablespoon||tel. - telegram, telegraph, telephone|
|temp. - temperature, temporary||terr. - territory|
|theol. - theologian, theological, theology||topog. - topographical, topography|
|trans. / tr. - transitive, translated by, translation, translator||treas. - treasurer, treasury|
|trig. / trigon. - trigonometric, trigonometry||TS / TSS - typescript, typescripts|
|tsp. - teaspoon||twp. - township|
|U - University (e.g. UP - University Press)||ult. - ultimate|
|univ. - universal, university||UP - University Press|
|URL - uniform resource locator (e.g. http://www.bydewey.com/ is the URL for A Research Guide for Students)||USC - United States Code|
|usu. - usually||uv - ultraviolet (note: no period after uv)|
|v. - verb, verse, versus, Latin vide = see, voltage, von (German name), v. = toward, opposite||var. - variant|
|vb. - verb||VCR - video cassette recorder|
|vers. - version||vet. - veteran, veterinary|
|VHS - video home system (a recording and playing standard for video cassette recorders (VCRs)|
|vide ante- see the preceding||vide infra - see below or the following|
|vide supra - see above||viz. - Latin videlicet = namely|
|vol. - volcano, volume||vox. pop. - Latin vox populi = voice of the people|
|v.p. - vice president, vice principal||v.s. - Latin vide supra = see above|
|vs. / v. - Latin versus = against||vs. / vss. - verse, verses|
|wpm - words per minute||writ. - writer, written by|
|wt - weight (no period after wt)||www - World Wide Web|
|yd - yard(s)||yr - year|
|zn = zinc|
The above list of abbreviations is by no means complete. For a more exhaustive list of common and specialized abbreviations please see Abbreviation from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations and Reference Words, please see Chapter 7.4 in MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th Edition.
Note: When documenting sources using MLA style, the normal punctuations are omitted for degrees when used in parentheses, tables, works cited, and so forth. For example, B.A. is written as BA. Other abbreviations retain the periods if applicable, e.g. acad., bib., misc.
|BA - Bachelor of Arts||BBA - Bachelor of Business Administration|
|BS - Bachelor of Science||DA - Doctor of Arts|
|EdD - Doctor of Education||JD - Doctor of Law (Latin juris doctor)|
|LLB - Bachelor of Laws (Latin legum baccalaureus)||LLD - Doctor of Laws (Latin legum doctor)|
|LLM - Master of Laws (Latin legum magister)||MA - Master of Arts|
|MBA - Master of Business Administration||MD - Doctor of Medicine (Latin medicinae doctor)|
|MS - Master of Science||PhD - Doctor of Philosophy (Latin philosophiae doctor)|
|Ado - Much Ado about Nothing||Ant. - Antony and Cleopatra|
|AWW - All’s Well That Ends Well||AYL - As You Like ItAnt. - Antony and Cleopatra|
|Cor. - Coriolanus||Cym. - Cymbeline|
|Err. - The Comedy of Errors||F1 - First Folio edition (1623)|
|F2 - Second Folio edition (1632)||Ham. - Hamlet|
|1H4 - Henry IV, Part 1||2H4 - Henry IV, Part 2|
|H5 - Henry V||1H6 - Henry VI, Part 1|
|2H6 - Henry VI, Part 2||3H6 - Henry VI, Part 3|
|H8 - Henry VIII||JC - Julius Caesar|
|Jn. - King John||LC - A Lover’s Complaint|
|LLL - Love’s Labour’s Lost||Lr. - King Lear|
|Luc. - The Rape of Lucrece||Mac. - Macbeth|
|MM - Measure for Measure||MND - A Midsummer Night’s Dream|
|MV - The Merchant of Venice||Oth. - Othello|
|Per. - Pericles||PhT - The Phoenix and the Turtle|
|PP - The Passionate Pilgrim||Q - Quarto edition|
|R2 - Richard II||R3 - Richard III|
|Rom. - Romeo and Juliet||Shr. - The Taming of the Shrew|
|Son. - Sonnets||TGV - The Two Gentlemen of Verona|
|Tim. - Timon of Athens||Tit. - Titus Andronicus|
|Tmp. - The Tempest||TN - Twelfth Night|
|TNK - The Two Noble Kinsmen||Tro. - Troilus and Cressida|
|Ven. - Venus and Adonis||Wiv. - The Merry Wives of Windsor|
|WT - The Winter’s Tale|
The above abbreviations have been gathered from various lists of Abbreviations of Works by Shakespeare:
● Titles and Abbreviations for Shakespeare's plays. Listed in Paul Brewester's Paper.
● Standard Abbreviations of Shakespearean Titles, with bias towards MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th Edition (7.7.2).
● The Correct Way to Cite Shakespearean Works by Forest Time, eHow Contributor. Example - parenthetical reference in MLA format: (Mac. 1.3.14-17) refers to Act 1, Scene 3, Lines 14 to 17 of "Macbeth."
● Abbreviations, symbols, and conventions and Text abbreviations from Explore Shakespeare's Works like never before.
Abbreviation from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Types of abbreviations include acronym and initialism (including three-letter acronyms), apocope, clipping, elision, syncope, syllabic abbreviation, and portmanteau.
Abbreviations and Acronyms from YourDictionary.com. Site includes:
● Abbreviations After a Doctor's Name.
● Abbreviations in Medical Records.
● Acronyms for Special Education.
● Chat Abbreviations.
● Computer Abbreviations - Internet and Email Abbreviations.
● Footnote Abbreviations.
● Measurement Abbreviations
● Medical Abbreviation List.
● Real Estate Abbreviations.
● Texting Abbreviations
And many more.
Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Initialisms from Grammar Girl: Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing.
Abbreviations, acronyms, trivial und trade names from Chemistry Biology Pharmacy Information Center, Zürich. Note: "und" is German for "and". Original title in German: Abkürzungen, Akronyme, Trivial- und Handelsnamen. Search uncommon abbreviations by alphabet, or search by abbreviation.
Abbreviations and Acronyms. On the correct usage of abbreviations and acronyms, from Style Guide, University of Colorado at Boulder.
Abbreviations and Official Names from Style Guide for Editors and Proofreaders of IDRC Books, Archive of International Development Research Centre (IDRC). Note: The two-letter designation for the Province of Québec is no longer PQ, but QC.
Abbreviations of Chemical Compounds. Example: Type in your keywords to search, e.g. asa = Results for ASA
- acetylsalicylic acid
+ 2-acetyloxy benzoic acid.
Abbreviations of University Degrees from everything2.com. See also:
● British Degree Abbreviations & Academic degree from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
● Style Manual from Samford University on the correct way of writing university degree abbreviations.
● Degrees. To use periods or not? Formatting abbreviations of degrees, from Style Guide, University of Colorado at Boulder.
● Academic Degrees. Writing degrees correctly. Example: Do not precede a name with a title of an academic degree and follow it with the abbreviation for that degree. From Styleguide, Carnegie Melon University.
Abbreviations.com is the world's largest and most comprehensive directory and search engine for acronyms, abbreviations and initialisms on the Internet. Browse by Category: Computing, Internet, Academic & Science, Medical, Business, Governmental, Community, Regional, International, Miscellaneous. Over 420,000 Entries, 134 Categories, 311 Editors + MetaSearch. Search Abbreviations A-Z.
ABC of Bulletin Board Terms for posting messages on Bulletin Boards, from BabyCentre.co.uk. Examples: AKA = Also known as, LOL = Laughing out loud, BTW = By the way, CUL = See you later, Yw/Ty = You're welcome/thank you. Emotions: :) or :-) = Smiling (Happy), :( or :-( = Frowning (Sad), :-o = Shouting, xxooxxoo = Love (or hugs) & kisses. See also Shorthand and Meaning from Genealogy.com. (Scroll way down the page to view Shorthand). Examples:
About.com: U.S. Government Acronyms and Abbreviations. A handy list of acronyms and abbreviations commonly used in United States Government. Where possible, links to related agencies, offices or related information are provided.
Acronym Finder. Look up acronyms, abbreviations and their meanings.
Acronym Search. Your source for acronyms and abbreviations.
Acronyms & Abbreviations. Links compiled by Cheryl Nyberg, University of Washington School of Law, Marian Gould Gallagher Law Library.
Acronyms and Abbreviations Dictionary from businessballs.com.
Acronyms and Abbreviations Used at MIT from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Acronyms and Abbreviations. List of acronyms and abbreviations used by Industry Canada sectors, branches, products, programs and services.
Air Traffic Management Glossary of Terms - Acronym - Meaning from Air Traffic Control System Command Center (ATCSCC), U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
Appendix A - International Abbreviations from CIA - The World Factbook.
ArgosBiotech: Directory of Abbreviations commonly used in biotechnology, biochemistry and the life sciences.
BABEL: A Glossary of Computer Oriented Abbreviations and Acronyms by Irving & Richard Kind.
Bibliographical Abbreviations (Music), General Abbreviations (Music) and Library Sigla - Abbreviations for libraries holding music-related manuscripts (A-Y by countries), from Oxford Music Online.
Bird Species Code Abbreviations. Table shows bird abbreviations for all non-extinct bird species that have been recorded in Massachusetts. See also:
● Six-letter Code for ABA Bird Checklist Species. List of Codes and Rules for Constructing Abbreviations of Bird Species Names: A Six-letter Code System by Bruce M. Bowman.
● Table of Genus/Species - Contaminant Exposure and Effects-Terrestrial Vertebrates (CEE-TV) Database from U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Patuxent Wildlife Research Center. Genus / Species and Common Names for Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds, and Mammals.
● English and Scientific Alpha Codes for North American Birds - sorted in phylogenetic order (PDF), by Four-letter (English Name) and Six-letter (Scientific Name). Alpha Codes for 2055 Bird Species (and 97 Non-Species Taxa) sorted taxonomically. Prepared by Peter Pyle and David F. DeSante of Institute for Bird Populations.
● English and Scientific Alpha Codes for North American Birds - sorted alphabetically by English Name (PDF). Prepared by Peter Pyle and David F. DeSante of Institute for Bird Populations.
● English and Scientific Alpha Codes for North American Birds - sorted alphabetically by Scientific Name (PDF). Prepared by Peter Pyle and David F. DeSante of Institute for Bird Populations.
Canadian Government Abbreviations, Acronyms, and Initialisms from Wilfrid Laurier University Library, Waterloo, ON.
The Canonical Astronomy Abbrev/Acro List. Astronomy abbreviations and acronyms.
Common Abbreviations from Fact Monster for kids.
Common Abbreviations and Acronynms from AllEarsNet.com - Deb's Unofficial Walt Disney World Information Guide.
Common Abbreviations and Acronyms in Electronics.
Common Abbreviations in Writing.
Common Abbreviations Used in International Narcotics Control Strategy Report.
Common Medical Abbreviations from GlobalRPh Inc.
Common Proofreading Symbols and Common Proofreading Abbreviations from Capital Community College, Hartford CT.
Common Proofreading Symbols - in PDF from Nebraska Romance Writers.
Common Shorthand Abbreviations and Common Symbols/Shorthand from University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Computer Concepts: Do You Know? How to Use Common Abbreviations and Acronyms from EMC/Paradigm Publishing: College Resource Center.
Dictionary of Abbreviations and Acronyms in Geographic Information Systems, Cartography, and Remote Sensing from University of California, Berkeley, by Philip Hoehn and Mary Lynette Larsgaard. Designed by John Creaser. This dictionary decodes abbreviations and acronyms found in various publications including maps and websites. Browse A-Z, Numbers, Other Lists.
Drug and Medical Abbreviations from TakeRx.com: The Meaning of Abbreviations.
Glossary of military abbreviations from Wikipedia.
● Dictionary of Military Abbreviations. Over 1000 military abbreviations and acronym used within NATO. Also include 3-digit ISO code for all countries and geographical entities.
● Glossary of German Military Terms and Abbreviations
● Navajo Code Talkers' Dictionary
● United States Military Rank Abbreviation: US Air Force, Coast Guard, Navy, Marines and Army. Must scroll down about a quarter of the way to view abbreviations. Includes USAF Officers Rank Insignia and Structure.
● Military Abbreviations, Acronyms and Terms
● Glossary of Defence Acquisition Acronyms and Terms
● Military Glossary of Acronyms: The who's who of what's that.
● Militaria Abbreviations and References: Mail Order Catalogue Meanings
● Abbreviations: Military. Browse 27,934 acronyms and abbreviations related to Military.
How HTML acronyms and abbreviations can help online journalism by Adrian Holovaty. "... every acronym and abbreviation in a news story should be defined."
HyperWar - World War II on the WorldWideWeb - Abbreviations, Acronyms, Codewords, Terms.
Inter Active Terminology for Europe (IATE). European Commissions multilingual term bank. The automatic dictionary was launched in 1964. Entries are classified into 48 subject fields (ranging from medicine to public administration). Languages include Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish. A typical entry contains the term itself and its synonyms, together with definitions, explanatory notes, references, etc. At present the term bank contains about 5,500,000 entries (terms and abbreviations), subdivided into more than 800 collections.
Internet Acronym Server. Search for acronyms and for words used in acronyms. What's an Acronym? History of Acronyms.
List of acronyms and initialisms: 0-9, A-Z from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
List of computing and IT abbreviations from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
List of Government Acronyms compiled by Deborah Hollis and Norberto Lozoya-Escobar, edited by Jennie Gerke, from University of Colorado at Boulder (UCB) Libraries. Search acronyms by first letter: A-Z.
List of U.S. Army acronyms and expressions from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
List of Two-Letter Combinations from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also Lists of TLAs - Three-Letter Acronyms from AA0 / AAA to ZZZ, and Four-Letter Abbreviations (FLAB). "A FLAB is an abbreviation using four letters. It is an abbreviation of Four Letter ABbreviation."
Marines Acronym Listing A-Z from Official Marine Corps Web Site.
Medical Abbreviations Dictionary. A dictionary of over 200,000 medical, pharmaceutical, biomedical & healthcare acronyms and abbreviations, from MediLexicon. See also Common Medical Abbreviations from GlobalRPH.com.
Military Abbreviations and Acronyms of the US Armed Forces.
Medical Abbreviations Glossary in PDF from JD.MD.
Military Abbreviations, Terms and Meanings - in PDF, 3 pages from Canadian Service Personnel military files, World War I.
Military Acronyms, Initialisms, and Abbreviations.
MilitaryWords.com. Military Words - site contains over 5,700 US Department of Defense terms and over 100,000 military and government acronyms and abbreviations.
Music Abbreviations from Abbreviations.com. See also:
● Alphabetical List of American (A) and British (B) Musical Terms.
● Virginia Tech Multimedia Music Dictionary.
● Classical Musical Terms.
● Meaning, Glossary and Acronym of Music Words.
● Musical Terminology / Glossary / Definitions - Dictionary of Musical Terms A-Z.
● Glossary of musical terminology from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Organizational Acronyms - mainly for United States.
Physics Abbreviations from Abbreviations.com. Symbols and Abbreviations (Physics) by Kenneth R. Kehler. List of Common Physics Abbreviations from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Rx Riddles Solved! from Medical Library Association.
Sig Codes from PharmCatalyst. A few examples:
• 1°, 2° = 1 hour, 2 hours
• 1H, 2H, etc. = every hour, every 2 hours, etc.
• a = before
• ac = before meals ("before a meal" if once daily dosing)
• ad = right ear
• aq = water
• as = left ear
• au = both ears
• bid = twice daily
• c = with
• C = 100
• cc = with food
• fid = five times daily
• hs = at bedtime
• H2O = water
• IV = intravenously (for injectables)
• lot = lotion
• noct = night
• npo, NPO = nothing by mouth
• od = right eye (or once daily)
• os = left eye
• ou = both eyes
• p = after
• pc = after meals ("after a meal" if once daily dosing)
• pc breakfast = after breakfast
• po, per os = by mouth
• prn = as needed
• q = every
• q 4 h = every 4 hours
• q 7 PM= every day at 7 PM
• qam = every morning
• qd = every day or once daily
• qd/es = twice daily on an empty stomach
• qhs = at bedtime
• qid = four times daily
• qn = every night
• qod = every other day
• qpm = every evening / insulin
• tid = three times daily
• ud, utd = as directed
• ung = ointment
• wc = with meals ("with a meal" if once daily dosing)
Sig = signa (Latin, meaning: to write), n (signature): the portion of a prescription that contains a statement of the directions for use. From Mosby's Dental Dictionary, 2nd edition. © 2008 Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
signa /sig·na/ (sig´nah) [L.] write or make a mark; abbreviated S. or sig. in prescriptions. From Dorland's Medical Dictionary for Health Consumers. © 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
State Abbreviations and State Postal Codes from Fact Monster.
Telecommunications and Virtual Phone System Glossary of Terms from Freedom800. Commonly used terms include: ACD. ANI, ANSI, FDDI, ISDN, IVR, PBX, PDF, POTS, PSTN, SMS, SMS800, SOHO, TIF, VoIP.
US Army Abbreviations, Brevity Codes, and Acronyms (ABCA). Records Management and Declassification Agency. Search U.S. Army exact Abbreviation, Brevity Code, or Acronym, Acronym begins with, Acronym (wild card), Reverse lookup (Keywords), or Search by Criteria. United States Army Regulations, Manuals, & Pamphlets. Army Regulation 25-52 -- Authorized Abbreviations, Brevity Codes, And Acronyms.
U.S. Government Acronyms and Abbreviations from About.com. See also GovSpeak: A Guide to Government Acronyms &s; Abbreviations by Kelly L. Smith.
United States Postal Service - Official USPS Abbreviations. State Abbreviations, Street Suffixes - abbreviations for Annex, Avenue, Boulevard ... Secondary Unit Designators - abbreviations for Apartment, Basement, Floor ...
Usenet Abbreviations and Acronyms by Dr J R Stockton, Surrey, UK.
Vietnam Veteran Marines Glossary: A-Z. Americans in Vietnam had their own unique language, and each unit had its own dialect. In the CAPs (Combined Action Program Marines), their dialect took words from English, Vietnamese and French, with expressions borrowed from street slang, Marine jargon, rock-and-roll and many other sources.
What Do the Prescription Abbreviations Mean? By Carol Eustice, About.com Guide. "Centuries ago, all prescriptions were written in Latin . . . Origins of Using 'Rx' for 'Prescription' - Its origins are given variously as an abbreviation of the Latin word 'recipe,' meaning 'take' . . ."